St Jean Basilica, Selcuk
You will learn everything you wonder about St Jean Basilica in our article. Where is St Jean Basilica? How to get to St Jean Basilica? St Jean Basilica.
Selcuk district of İzmir is one of the most important centers after Jerusalem for the Christian world. The reason for this is the youngest apostle of Jesus, the Bible writer Saint John, namely the tomb of St Jean and the Basilica of St Jean. While the apostle St Jean, who devoted his life to the spread of Christianity in Ephesus and Western Anatolia, was a ninety old man, he wrote and prayed the Bible here, which is the highest point of Ayasuluk Hill.
St Jean Basilica, one of the largest and most magnificent buildings of its period, was built over the tomb of the apostle buried in Selcuk Ayasuluk Hill years later. The ruins of the Great Byzantine basilica can be seen in Selcuk.
Selçuk is one of the most important centers in the world in terms of archeology, history, religion and culture. It has many layers of rich cultural and historical values, bearing the traces of many times of history. Ephesus Antique City is the most known face of Selcuk. However, the name Ephesus was not only the name of this ancient city, but this valuable geography.
Starting from the prehistoric period, Ephesus has been inhabited for almost 9000 years without interruption during the Hellenistic, Roman, Eastern Roman, Principalities and Ottoman periods, and has been a very
Ephesus Ancient City and House of Virgin Mary. St John Basilica, one of the most important centers of the ancient period, is also on the UNESCO Heritage List.
The Ephesus settlement has been displaced many times throughout history. In the fourth relocation, the city moved to Ayasuluk Hill, where it was first founded. Because in Ayasuluk Hill, Hz. Jesus’ favorite apostle was the Tomb of St. John.
Based on the documents of the Ephesus Council in 431 AD, it is accepted that St. John came to Ephesus between 37-48 AD and lived and died here with Mary. Hz. Jesus entrusted his mother to his favorite apostle, John. Believers of this view later admit that the two are not separated, and when St. John came to Ephesus, the Virgin Mary was with him.
When St. John died, he was buried on the southern slope of Ayasuluk Hill upon his will. First, a simple and secret tomb monument was built for him, and a basilica with a wooden roof was built on this tomb in the 5th century. In written sources, in St. It is reported that the basilica with a wooden roof on which Jean’s grave was located was no longer in use in the 6th century.
Instead of this basilica, Emperor Justinianus and Empress Thedora built six domed churches whose remains are visible today. The cross-planned church was the largest religious building built in this geography after the Temple of Artemis.
St Jean Church has become a popular place for Christian pilgrims in the Middle Ages. A part of the church, which was conquered by the Turks in 1304, started to be used as a mosque. However, it was destroyed by a severe earthquake between 1365 and 1370.
During the excavations in 1920, three tomb structures were found. The tomb in the middle is considered to belong to St. John. However, no remains were found in the grave during excavations. It is already known that the tombs were empty from the 12th century and the holy ruins were previously moved to the Havariyun (Saints) Church in Istanbul.
The church, which attracts the most visitors after Ephesus and is an important religious center, attracts approximately 1 million visitors every year. Traditional celebrations are held in Sümela and Cappadocia for the Orthodox world. It is celebrated that Saint Jean will rise to the sky every year on May 8. The commemorations held at St Jean Basilica in Selcuk are also expected to attract the attention of the Christian world.
In May 1917, three shepherds who were brothers in the city of Fatima in Portugal saw the Virgin Mary on an olive tree and gave three prophecies about the future, while Fatima, with a population of 10 thousand, received 5 million tourists annually, while Selçuk only received 2.5 million per year. tourists are visiting. However, the house of Virgin Mary is here, Jean Tomb is right next to a valuable ancient city like Ephesus Ancient City.