Ottoman Heritage Dolmabahçe Palace
Where is Dolmabahçe Palace? How can I reach dolmabahçe palace? What is there in dolmabahçe palace? What are the features of Dolmabahçe Palace? If you are curious about these, the answers you are looking for are in the following content. Good reading.
Located in Istanbul of Turkey and one of the most magnificent structures Dolmabahce Palace, Istanbul Strait was established instead of the most beautiful. Even today, when we look at Dolmabahçe Palace, it challenges the years in its flashy form. If you live in Istanbul or if you are going to visit Istanbul for touristic purposes, you should definitely stop by Dolmabahçe Palace. You ask why? Here are all of Turkey, which is a separate place inside story of the Dolmabahce Palace …
Before starting the construction of the Dolmabahçe Palace, Evliya Çelebi writes that Yavuz Sultan Selim had a mansion built in this area. At the same time, the area where the Dolmabahçe Palace was located 400 years ago was a port where the Ottoman Captain’s sea hosts the naval ships. Maritime ceremonies were held at this port in time. But after a while it started to become a swamp. It started to be filled in the 17th century. This filled harbor was called Hasbahçe after a while. Sultans used this place to rest and have fun. During this period, it was also known as Beşiktaş Beach Palace, with mansions and pavilions built in the region.
Dolmabahçe Palace, which was built by Abdulmecit I in 1842 and continued to be built until 1853, was used by Abdulmecit both for living and for official works. Abdülaziz, the brother of Abdülmecit, also lived here. But neither of them could sit here for a long time.
Dolmabahçe Palace in Beşiktaş became Atatürk’s Presidential Residence with the declaration of the Republic. It is of great importance for the Turkish nation in terms of its construction during the Ottoman period, the Presidential Residence and the place where Atatürk closed his eyes on November 10, 1938.
The palace, built by Armenian architects Garabet Amira Balyan and her son Nigogos Balyan, mixes European architectural styles. The dolmabahçe palace, which has a symmetrical plan, has a total of 285 rooms and 43 halls and has two extraordinary doors. In the middle of the beach palace, there is a ball and ceremony hall. Located in Dolmabahçe Palace, Camlı Köşk is the only place where the Sultan watches the public life and spies on the army. As the Glass Pavilion Halit Ziya Uşaklıgil has said, it is “the eye that the palace follows the outside world”. It is possible to see Far East, European and Turkish works within the palace. All around the palace is covered with fireplaces, candlesticks and chandeliers. The ballroom features a magnificent crystal chandelier 36 meters high and 4.5 tons in weight.
Upon the abolition of the Caliphate in the Ottoman Empire, Abdülmecit Efendi and his men left the palace in 1924. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk has not been to the palace for three years, but during Atatürk’s time, the palace has made significant gains. In terms of culture and art, the palace doors were opened out and foreign guests, statesmen, were hosted here.
The details of dolmabahçe palace are as follows;
- Dolmabahçe Palace basically consists of 3 sections: Harem-i Hümayun, Selamlık (Mâbeyn-i Hümayun) and Ceremonial Hall (Muâyede Hall).
- Surrounded by a total of 56 columns, the reception room encircles a 4.5-ton chandelier hanging from the ceiling, and the reception room with its 36-meter-high dome is among the largest in the world.
- It was built on a total area of 250,000 m2, which is the palace with an area of 110,000 m2. The palace, which has a width of 600 meters along the quay, is a huge building with 43 halls and 285 rooms.
- Works such as the piano gifted by Napoleon, the paintings of Ivan Ayvazovski, the Russian Tsar’s two gray bear hides and the 124 m2 sized Hereke carpet can be seen in the palace’s collection..