The Military Museum and Culture Site Command is located in the Harbiye district of Istanbul. It is under the General Staff Military History and Strategic Studies Directorate. History of the Military Museum: The establishment of the Military Museum, which is one of the leading museums in the world in terms of the richness and variety of the collections, is not modern, but dates back to the 15th century. After the conquest of Istanbul by the Turks in 1453, the Hagia Irene Church was organized as the “Cebehane” where valuable war weapons, tools and equipment were collected. In 1726, a new establishment was established under the name of “Dar-ül Esliha” by arranging all the materials in the Cebehane. The foundation of modern museology was laid in 1846 with the efforts of Tophane Consultant Damat Ahmet Fethi Pasha and this date became the first establishment of Turkish Museum and Military Museum. The porticoes of the porticoes in Hagia Irene were closed with glass cases and turned into exhibition spaces. In some of these venues, collections of old warfare weapons, tools and equipment, and in other sections, archaeological artifacts collections were exhibited. After Ahmet Fethi Pasha, these collections in Aya İrini were named as “Museum-i Hümayun” for the first time after a short time. After the establishment of the museum organization, especially after the number of archaeological artifacts increased, these artifacts were moved to the Tiled Kiosk and the foundation of today’s Istanbul Archeology Museums was laid. Ahmet Muhtar Pasha enriched his weapon collections with announcements and official correspondence. With its library, cinema, shooting range, publications, dressing room and mesteria, a museum has been created in accordance with today’s contemporary museum understanding. Ayaan continue their activities until 1940 Military Museum in Irene, he gave a break to the activities of the Second World War with the idea may spread to Turkey. After the war danger disappeared, the works that were stored in Maçka Weaponry in 1949 started to be exhibited again in 1959 at the Harbiye School Gymnasium. Since this building has become insufficient for Military Museum collections over time and does not allow steps to be taken in the contemporary sense, it has been decided to use the old Harbiye building, which has been restored since 1966, as a Military Museum and was opened to visitors on February 10, 1993 with a new arrangement.
Military Museum Display Halls:
In our halls, approximately 5,000 works that are carefully selected from over 45,000 works in the Military Museum collections are exhibited. Various rich weapons, military clothing, tents, flags and banners, and many different types of military cultural assets are included in this rich collection, which is grouped from different angles such as the period and the subject. These include rifles, pistols, guns and swords, armor, shields and helmets with their elegant decorations and inscriptions, the most rare examples of Ottoman palace tents and gold coins that will emphasize the glory of the Ottoman army.
- Entrance Hall: Here is the Promotional Showcase with the model of the Harbiye Military Museum and Cultural Site building and some objects selected from the museum collection.
- Promotion Hall: In this hall, the history of the Military Museum; It is described as a documentary with various photographs, documents and publications in a period from 1846 until today.
- Shooting Weapons Hall: Art and archery related artifacts are exhibited in this hall. 17-19.yy. The main materials of the hall are the Ottoman arrow and bows between them, arrow targets, arrow-bow guards, spring tensioning equipment, arrow beds, and finger-shingling straps while stretching the bow.
- Equestrian Hall: In this hall, 19th-20th century. Equipments related to horse riding and cavalry class are exhibited. Turkish saddles made in German and English type are mostly in the saddles.
- Fatih and Yavuz Corner: The horse-dummies of Fatih Sultan Mehmet (1451-1481) and Yavuz Sultan Selim (1512-1520), there is a panoramic model showing the lowering of the Ottoman ships from the land to the Golden Horn.
- Cutting Weapons Hall: The oldest examples of European-origin cutting and piercing weapons are medieval European swords and a group of weapons.
- Defense Weapons Hall: European helmets constitute the majority of European defense weapons. Closed forms are dominant in the samples of the 15th and 16th century helmets, the oldest examples of which belong to the 14th century. These helmets, which can be seen in a wide variety of examples with one or more pieces of face shields, are not decorated.
- Ataturk Frontpage: Republic of Turkey’s founder, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the Military Academy and Military Academy and completed his education at the Military Museum Binası`N. The classroom where Mustafa Kemal studied in the 3rd grade of the War Academy was organized in his memory. Photographs and documents related to Atatürk’s school life are also exhibited in the classroom.
- Firearms Hall: from the 16th century to the 20th century There are various European and Islamic firearms manufactured to the beginning. These consist of rifles, lighters, capsules and needles, which evolve.
- Ball Models and Small-diameter Ball Display Hall: In this hall, there are Ottoman-era wooden and metal ball models dating from the 15th to the 20th centuries, and models belonging to foreign states.
- Somalia-Bosnia-Kosovo-Internal Security Hall: In this section, photographs with materials such as banners, uniforms, engagements and medals belonging to the Turkish troops serving in Somalia, Bosnia and Kosovo are displayed in order to protect the peace in accordance with the United Nations decision.
- Military Clothing Hall: With the establishment of the Janissary Chamber in the Ottoman State, it was accepted that the people working in the army wear a separate clothing. In the beginning, clothes were given more importance than clothing, and headings were used to separate them from the people in military peace and from the enemy in war.
- Flag and Sancaklar Hall: In this hall, the banners belonging to the Ottoman Empire period, Regiment Sanjak of the Republican Period and the flags of foreign states are exhibited.
- Tent Hall: All the tents in the Military Museum belong to the period of the Ottoman Empire. The earliest examples consist of tents and tent pieces starting from the 17th century.
- Martyrs Gallery: While this hall has won great victories for independence throughout history, it has been attributed to all our martyrs who sacrificed their lives for the same cause.
Other Halls are 16. Constitutional Hall, 17. World War I Hall, 18. Çanakkale War Hall, 19. War of Independence Hall, 20. Korea-Cyprus Hall, 21. Ethnographic Works Hall, 22. kGeneral Staff Heads Hall, 23. Kenan Evren Hall, 24. Atatürk Hall, 25. Mehter Instrument Hall, 26th Harbiye Bath, 27. III. Selim Corner, 28 Fermans, Berats, Manuscripts Hall.