History Of Hagia Sophia
What is Hagia Sophia? When and by whom was Hagia Sophia? Where is Ayasofya Camiî? Hagia Sophia history, museum, features, photos, information about. Here are the unknowns of Hagia Sophia.
The center of the Byzantine Empire is the large area, including the today’s Blue Mosque. Today, where the Topkapi Palace was located, the Byzantine Empire also had a palace. The grand hippodrome, where great races and war games were played, was in the area where the current Blue Mosque was. The Hagia Sophia Church, located in the most central part of the state, was the largest temple of the Byzantine Empire and Orthodox Christians.
What Does Hagia Sophia Say?
When Is Hagia Sophia Made?
The construction of the church began during the reign of Byzantine Emperor Constantine I. But in 360, II. Constantine was completed in time. This first Hagia Sophia was devastated by a fire. In 415, the Emperor II. It was repaired by Theodosios and reopened for worship. During an uprising, he was completely burned this time. Emperor Justinian decided to replace this completely destroyed church with a magnificent church. Construction began in 532 and completed in 537. It was built by two architects named Isidoros of Miletus and Anthemius of Tralles. According to sources, about 10 thousand people worked in the construction.
The materials used in the construction were brought from Mediterranean countries. Columns of the Temple of Artemis were brought to Constantinople and used in Hagia Sophia. Hagia Sophia, which has survived to this day, is this building built by Justinian.
Features Of Hagia Sophia
The dimensions of the Hagia Sophia are 100 m x 70 m. It has an interior area of approximately 7500 m². It has a two-storey structure. There are a total of 107 columns, 40 of which are on the lower floor and 67 on the upper floor. The longest of the columns is about 20 meters. The columns have a radius of 1.5 meters and an estimated weight of 70 tons. Most of the columns used in the building are older than the building. The reason for this is that the columns were brought here from various temples in Anatolia. Due to the collapse and re-repair of the dome during the Byzantine period, the dome is not full round but close to the ellipse shape. There are two different radii. The diameter of the dome is 30.80 to 32.6 m. The height of the dome is 55.60 m.
The Historical Features Of Hagia Sophia That Make İt An İmportant Place İn The World
- Hagia Sophia was the largest cathedral in the Byzantine period in terms of art history and architecture.
- It is the oldest cathedral in the world.
- From the time it was built up to 1520, it became the largest cathedral in the world. (The cathedral of Seville in Spain in 1520 is larger than Hagia Sophia.)
- Today, it ranks fourth in the world in terms of face measurement.
- It is the first cathedral in the world in five years.
- It is the longest time in the world (about 15 centuries).
- Having a larger dome than other old cathedrals, the dome of Hagia Sophia is the fourth largest in the world.
How Does Hagia Sophia Become A Museum?
The Hagia Sophia Mosque was closed for worship in 1932 for restoration purposes. Courtesy of the Turkish government A group of US scientists, Sultan II. Mehmet started the work to reveal mosaics covered with plaster. At the time of this work, a political event was brought to the Hagia Sophia, which was converted into a museum and opened in 1935 as a museum.