The park, which was named Gülhane because of the production places that made Gülbeşeker in the past, was used as the outer garden of Topkapı Palace during the Ottoman State. The approximately 100,000 square meter area of the park, which was established on a very large area, is still protected today. The park has two entrance gates: Sarayburnu Gate and Istanbul Gate. Hasbahçe, which is the sefa and resting park of Fatih Sultan Mehmet period, is known as the first settlement area. After preserving the Turkish style for a long time, classical style was tried on the park. Since 1912, Topuzlu Cemil Pasha started working on transforming it into a public park. The park, which has preserved its importance in the Republican period due to its historical and geographical location, is one of the most important recreation and recreation areas in Istanbul today.
The Importance of Park
In the park where many events took place in the historical process, Sultan Abdülmecit announced the Reform Edict known as Gülhane Hatt-ı Şerifi here. There are also sculptures of important people in the park. When entering by Alemdar Street, the bust of Cemil Topuzlu is located on the right side of the road, while the statue of Atatürk is placed in the Sarayburnu part. Also on the right of the slope descending towards the Bosphorus, the Column of the Goths from the Roman State is stored here.
Features of The Park
Considering the historical history of the park, we can say that the plants here have undergone great changes over time. It is known that Fatih Sultan Mehmet planted many olive trees in this park, which he used as hasbahçe. It is known that after this period, some exotic olive varieties were planted, a part of the park was used as a field and vegetables were planted. It is thought that the rose support required for the production of rose gumahs, from which the name of the park comes, isalso provided from this park.
Looking at today, the park has changed considerably compared to the past. It is very rich in terms of tree varieties and living species.