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Gaziantep Castle

Gaziantep Castle

It is on a hill that attracts almost everyone’s attention, with its magnificence and majesty, as well as its history that it hides like a secret, in the city center, on the southern edge of Alleben Creek and at a height of about 25 m.

Although there is no definite information about when and by whom Gaziantep Castle was built, it is known that it was built on a mound dating back to 6000 years past to the chalcolithic period, and there was a small city named “Theban” in the II-III centuries.

A.D. II-IV. It was understood as a result of archaeological excavations that the Castle was first built as a watchtower during the Roman period and was expanded over time. Its current form is called the “Architect of the Castles”, and during the reign of the Byzantine Emperor Justinyanus. VI. (AD 527-565) took it in the century. Again in this period, the castle underwent a major repair, and towers connected with these galleries were built with substructural structures consisting of arched and vaulted galleries, and the walls of the fortification expanded to the west, south and east, to the level of the hill. . The castle in this form is approximately., Its circumference. It has an irregular circular shape. There are 12 towers on the castle sizes. Evliya Çelebi talks about the 36 signs of Kale in his Travel Book. Today, we can only see 12 of them. It is believed that the remaining 24 bastions are located on the outer walls of the castle and cannot come as far as today. Around the castle, width, depth. There was a moat and the transition to the castle was provided by a bridge. Before crossing the castle bridge, without reaching the main castle gate, on the left side there is a horoscope named by the people as the Authority of Imam-i Ghazali.

In the years following the Byzantine period, especially Mameluks, Dulkadiroğulları and Ottomans, according to the need, fixed the castle from time to time and put repair inscriptions on it. It is understood from the inscription on the main gate that the towers on both sides of the main gate and the castle bridge were rebuilt in 1557 by Suleiman the Magnificent during the Ottoman Empire.

When you enter through the main gate of the castle, there are two ways to the interior of the castle and to the top. You can reach the upper part of the castle from the road to the left. On the way to the inner parts; gallery, hall and castle rooms are reached. There is a water source under the main mass in the castle.

Since 1989, the area around the castle has been determined, the protection wall has been built, the way out has been improved, the stone has been laid, with the grants and restoration works that have been allocated by the Ministry of Culture and Tourism and Gaziantep Provincial Special Administration Directorate. The gallery in length has been cleaned, the city walls have been repaired and raised, the main doors have been built in accordance with the original and other door entrances have been closed with iron railings and they have been saved from the dangerous situation. The technical stages of these studies were carried out by Gaziantep Archeology Museum.

As a result of the archaeological excavations still carried out by the Gaziantep Archeology Museum, a mosque was unearthed during the Ottoman excavations and 2000 excavations. Bath, steam room and steam room and chimneys of the bath were unearthed. It is believed that when the steam is increased inside, it is given out through the channels in the corner of the steam room. Bath; Although it is not architecturally showy, it has technical characteristics. The mosque is in Ottoman architecture style and has a rectangular plan. On the south side of the mosque, a mihrab in the shape of a semicircle, two book-putting sections on the right and left of the mihrab and a door opening that opens out from the south on the left side of the mihrab are revealed. In addition, the location of a mined minbar was found on the right side of the mihrab.

In addition, excavations have been carried out in the north of Kale Bath, east of Kale Mosque and in the south of Kale Mosque with 5×5 meter trenches during the excavations that have been carried out since 2002. In these excavations, various architectural remains, many Early Islamic, Byzantine and Ottoman pottery fragments, metal fragments, bullet cores, many bracelet fragments belonging to the Byzantine period and terracotta oil lamps, Byzantine and Ottoman coins, many iron cannons, flintlock rifle pieces and some sealed pipe (nozzle) pieces made of terracotta and some animal bones were recovered. A moat was found around the castle and Hendek excavations will begin in the coming days.

Gaziantep Castle, which was brought to Gaziantep Tourism with all these works and to be done and born as a sun to Gaziantep Tourism, awaits the visitors in all its glory and has become one of the important attractions of Gaziantep Tourism in the city center.

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