Eyüp Sultan Mosque History, Features and Story of Eyüp Sultan Holiness
Eyüp Sultan Mosque and Mausoleum, whose water flowing from its fountain is considered sacred and whose courtyard is decorated with centuries-old plane tree, is shown as one of the greatest historical heritages that the Ottoman left to Istanbul.
Information About Eyüp Sultan Mosque
Eyüp Sultan Mosque was built in 1458 5 years after the conquest of Istanbul. The presence of the tomb of Eyüp Sultan Holiness, which was built next to the mosque, emphasizes the importance of this mosque. The mosque, which was built as a complex, is located in the Eyüp district on the edge of the Golden Horn of Istanbul. One of the first to accept Islam as a martyr during the siege of the Arabs in Istanbul. It is located where the tomb of Eyyub El-Ensari is located. The building is a major historical monument with units such as a mosque, madrasah, soup kitchen, bathhouse and tomb. The mosque, which was devastated in time, III. Selim destroyed and rebuilt it completely, except for minarets and foundations. At the end of the construction works that started in 1798 and lasted for 2 years, the mosque takes its current form.
Architectural Features of Eyüp Sultan Mosque
The architectural features of Eyüp Sultan Mosque when it was first built are not known exactly. In the earthquake that took place in 1766, this structure was badly damaged. Although the mosque was requested to be repaired, it was demolished to the foundation and rebuilt in 1215. Later, with the lightning that fell in 1823, the minarets suffered great damage. Eyüp Sultan Mosque saw its last repair with the instructions of Adnan Menderes. The scene of today’s mosque is covered with a dome of 17,5 m diameter, sitting on an octagonal drum. This pulley sits on six free pillars fastened together by arches and two feet inside the mihrab wall. The main dome is surrounded by one half dome from eight sides of the pulley.
The voluminous capitals of the columns carrying the dome are the gold gilded altar decorated with a sliced junction of the entrance door. The outer courtyard of Eyüp Sultan Mosque in the direction of Eyüp Square was again built in baroque style. Entrance is provided through two gates in the west and south. To the north of the outer courtyard, there is a graveyard, where many famous people have graves; In the middle, there is a marble fountain with a domed eave sitting on eight columns. It is believed that two grand plane trees in the middle of the building were grown from two plane trees planted by Akşemseddin to indicate its location while finding the tomb. The set on which these trees are located is surrounded by a low stone wall. A metal grid is hovering over the wall, and at the four corners of the building there is an elegant baroque fountain. The porticoes of the last congregation place of the mosque continue along the east and west walls of the courtyard; Eyüp Sultan Tomb is located right behind the fourth (north) wall.
Eyüp Sultan Tomb
Eyüp Sultan Tomb is located right next to Eyüp Sultan Mosque. This tomb is Hz. Hz. It is the tomb of Eyyub Ensari. The tomb was found after the conquest of Istanbul and the tomb on it was built in 1459 with the mosque. The exterior of Eyüp Sultan Tomb is decorated with tiles and is filled with many visitors. The mausoleum is on the north side of the famous and sacred mosque known as Eyüp Sultan Mosque and just in front of its inner courtyard. This is the first work made in Istanbul. The mausoleum has eight corners and has a single dome. It is made of cut stone. The dome is placed on the facade faces. It has no pulley. Relief columns were made at the corners of the facade. Window frames are marble. Except for the facade where the door is located, the others have two upper and lower windows. Bottom windows have cast covers made of brass. The names of Allah and Muhammed and the word tawhid are written under it. All walls up to the bottom windows of the tomb are covered with patterned tiles in blue and white. Here, the verses of the Basmele-i-Sharif and Surah Tawba are written. In the middle of the mausoleum, there is the sarcophagus of Zayd in a rail with silver network around. “Kisve-i Şerif” is covered with a beautiful text made of black atlas and engraved in yellow simi.
This wisdom is Sultan II. Mahmud had it built and most of the writings on it belonged to the famous calligrapher Mustafa Rakım Efendi. There is a well in the tomb and on the edge of the wall that coincides with the foot of the sarcophagus. The marble ring stone of this well was placed by specially carving the tomb wall. It is still seen from the tree and the copper bucket, and it is understood from the inscription on it that this well was revived by Sultan Ahmed I. Large crystal chandelier at the entrance of the tomb, Sultan Selim III or Sultan II. It was put in the tomb by Mahmud. Four large candlesticks placed in the four corners of the sarcophagus were removed to the Topkapı Palace Museum with the thought of safety. These silver candlesticks were given by Sultan İbrahim. On the arched building in the inner courtyard and opening to the tomb, there is an Arabic inscription written by Hz. Those who have gone wrong, girls who want to open their fortune, newly married, circumcised, and those who have various wishes pray in front of the mausoleum and walk around it three times. It is believed that the water at the foot of the tomb is healing for heart disease. Those who make wishes in Eyüp Sultan make a vow of various offerings (distributing food, sacrifice, etc.) and those who make wishes distribute these dedications to poor people.
Who is Eyüp Sultan Holiness?
Eyüp Sultan Hazret (Hazrat Khalid bin Zayd Abu Eyyub al-Ensari), everyone’s Hz. When Prophet Muhammad (S.A.S.) wants to host him in his home, the camel of our Prophet Kusva is the companion of kneeling in front of Eyüp Sultan’s house. Eyüp Sultan Holiness, Hz. “Istanbul will surely be conquered,” said Muhammad (S.A.S.). Although he was in his 90s, he joined the siege of Istanbul on the horse in order to get the good news of the commander who conquered him, the commander who conquered him. He died during the siege. The location of the tomb of Eyüp Sultan Holiness was possible with the Conquest of Istanbul in 1453. Fatih wants the tomb to be found and tells it to his teacher Ak-Şemsettin. When a place where Akşemsettin is described is excavated, a marble with the inscription “Haza tomb Halit İbn-i Zeyd” comes out of the grave and a final confirmation is made.
Where are Eyüp Mosque and Tomb and How to Get There?
Address: Islambey, Eyup Sultan Boulevard, Eyup Sultan Square, Eyup / Istanbul
How to go?
Access to the mosque and tomb in Eyüp district is very easy. By Metrobus line, you should come to Edirne Kapı and then take the bus to Eyüp direction. When you get off at Eyüp stop, you can see the Mosque and the tomb on the side of the Golden Horn. People coming from the Anatolian side can take the Eyüp shuttle buses departing from Eminönü last stop.