Ephesus Ancient City
Everything about Ephesus Ancient City. You will learn everything you wonder about Ephesus Ancient City in our article. Where is the ancient city of Ephesus? What to do in the ancient city of Ephesus? How to get to the ancient city of Ephesus?
Ephesus Ancient City, the most important civilization, culture, science and art center of the ancient world, is located within the borders of Selçuk district of İzmir. Ephesus, whose establishment dates back to 8,600 years ago, was established as a port city at a point where East and West meet in Antiquity.
With the political and commercial developments, it became the capital of the Asian state of the Roman State. The fact that the Temple of Artemis, one of the 7 wonders of the world, was located in Ephesus, attracted more visitors to the city. Celcus Library, Yamaç Evler, Ancient Theater, Kral Yolu and many archaeological works, each of which are magnificent architectural masterpieces, are the most attractive structures in Ephesus.
Information About the History of Ephesus Ancient City
Ephesus, one of the biggest ancient cities of the Mediterranean world, is a completely unique city. All streets and streets cross each other at right angles.
Ephesus, which is visited today, was established by Lysimakhos, one of the successors of Alexander the Great, in the valley between Panayır and Bülbül mountains in 300 BC. Ephesus, which had one of the largest ports of the period, was included in Roman soil in 133 BC. It became the capital of Asia Minor in the 5th and 6th centuries as an important political, commercial and religious center.
Built by the elite classes of urban Asia Minor, Yamaç Evler’s current position is comparatively solid with the famous cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum.
In the 7th century AD, Ephesians moved to the Ayasuluk Hill, where the first finds of the city were found as a result of the filling of the Ephesus harbor with mud during the Byzantine period.
Sightseeing in Ephesus
Entrance to Ephesus Ancient City, which is one of the most valuable places in the list of places to visit, is entered through two doors. Log in the upper gate of Ephesus and start exploring the magnificent heritage of the ancient city. Celsus Library, Grand Theater, Terrace Houses are worth seeing. You have to spare at least 3 hours to visit the city.
Harbor Street is the longest street of Ephesus connecting Odeon and the ancient port. The two sides of the street, where you will feel like walking in a historical parade, are decorated with magnificent columns. This road, where kings are welcomed and religious ceremonies are held, reveals the magnificent life of the period.
Virgin Mary Church
The Church of Mary is located in the north of Harbor Street. Mary has a very special meaning for Christians, as she is considered the “Mother of God” in this church.
The Ecumenical Council was born in the Church of the Virgin in 431 and the Catholic sect was born. This is a place that calms your soul with the fresh smells of the thyme.
The Great Theater began to be built in the period of Emperor Cladius and was completed in 117 AD. This is the biggest theater in the ancient world, with a very ornate and three-storey stage structure and 24 thousand-capacity seating steps. The size of the theater gives clues about the city’s population and cultural structure at that time. In addition to theater performances, gladiators were also used as an arena. Saint Paul, who came to Ephesus in 503 AD, preached in the Great Theater in order to find supporters for the new religion Christianity.
In the vintage festivities, various performances were held at the theater to honor the wine god Dionysus. The story of the theater’s smiling and crying masks is known to come from here. The world’s most famous orchestras hosted world stars such as Sting, Elton John, Joan Baez, Mikis Theodorakis, Ray Charles, Jose Carreras.
Marble Street provides transportation between the Grand Theater and Celsus Library. The high platform on the side of the road serves the same as today’s pavements.
It is admirable that they had a people-oriented approach to urbanism centuries ago. There is a marble with a woman’s foot and a head on the street. This marble, which is thought to be the first advertisement board in the world, depicts the Love House, which is located in the future.
Love House, which is the favorite place of seafarers coming to Ephesus, is located at the intersection of Kuretler Caddesi and Mermer Street.
It is known that the men entered inside after a short ritual in front of the Aphrodite statue at the entrance. Who knows how many secret love this house has, whose walls are decorated with mosaics depicting the four seasons.
Celsus Library is the most eye-catching place in the Ephesus ruins that has survived to the present day. The library, built next to the Agora, was built in 115 years by the Asian Council Julius Aguila on behalf of his father Celsus.
Ephesus Celcus Library was the third largest library in the classical period after the Bergama libraries in Alexandria, Egypt and Anatolia. The library, which had 14,000 books at the time, played an important role in raising famous people such as wise Herakleitos, dream psychiatrist Artemidoros, poet Callinos and physician Soranos.
The magnificent front facade of the Celsus Library reveals the richness of the city at that time. There are four female sculptures on the outer wall rising in all its glory. The library is also a memorial tomb. The statue of Celsus, which is located here, is on display at the Istanbul Archeology Museum today. The sun that goes down behind the library in the afternoon offers a visual feast where you can capture creative photos.
Kuretler Street is the most functional street of the city, extending from the Herakles Gate to the Celsus Library. The large sewage system under the floor covered with marble plates proves the civilization level that the city reached at that time.
Monumental buildings such as the Traianus Fountain, Hadrian’s Fountain and the Skolastika baths are located on this street. Even the new inhabitants of the city, which has been written in the name of the book, are cute cats that add joy to your walk.
Slope Houses gives clues about the richness of the city as well as the personal tastes and size of the wealth of the elite living here. To see Yamaç Evler, whose walls are decorated with frescoes and floors with mosaics, an extra fee of 36 TL is required, except for the Ephesus entrance fee. Yamaç Evler has a separate entrance in itself.
Skolastika Bath is a 3-storey building, the entrance of which is on Kuretler Caddesi. One is that there is no entrance fee for the poor. It is understood that they are struggling with class separation, perhaps the most important element of civilization, and that they provide everyone with the basic need such as cleaning.
The other is to use advanced technology compared to the period. The bathhouse was used not only for cleaning but also for socializing and having fun. As I walk among the ruins, I seem to hear the shrill-lazy conversations that mingle with the rising harp tunes.
Temple of Hadrian
The temple was built to honor the Roman Emperor Hadrianus. It is one of the rare buildings of the city, which has reached today from ancient times. There are interesting reliefs on the door beam depicting the founding legend of Ephesus. Despite all the time it has been, the engravings on it are amazing. Inscribed bases in front of the temple are standing with the power of being carrying the sculptures of Roman emperors.
Domitian Temple is located on the road from Odeon to the entrance of Kuretler Caddesi. Ephesians built this temple to show their gratitude to the opportunities provided by Emperor Domitian. Domitian is the first emperor to be built a temple in Ephesus. Since the cult statue in the temple was destroyed by the acceptance of Christianity, it does not have any part that survives except the head and arm sections.
The Town Hall (Prytaneion) is a place where diplomatic relations with the city administration are carried out and its halls are equipped with sculptures of god and emperor. Artemis sculptures, one of the most valuable works of the Ephesus Museum, were found in the excavations here. A fire, considered sacred, burned in the altar of the Goddess Hestia, located next to the building. Since this fire represented the independence and immortality of the city, it would be burned without any extinguishment.
During that period, city council meetings, theaters and competitions were held in places called Odeon. Odeon in the Ancient City of Ephesus is a theater-shaped area of 1400 people. Today, it hosts classical music concerts and jaz festivals from time to time. Feel the healing and integrative effect of music by sitting in the same rows as the ancient civilizations of the ancient city.
Where is the Ancient City of Ephesus
Ephesus Antique City, one of the most valuable places in the list of places to visit in Izmir, is located in the boundaries of Selcuk district in the south of Izmir. The ancient city is 83 km from İzmir, 3.5 from Selçuk, 19 from Kuşadası, 552 from Istanbul and 628 km from Ankara. The nearest train station is in Selçuk. Check out how to get to Ephesus.
The project, which includes the construction of a 600 meters long and 30 meters wide entrance channel to Pamucak beach to provide yachts entrance to Ephesus Ancient Port, is also being implemented. It is stated that the project, which will add fame to the Ephesus Ancient City, which is also included in the UNESCO World Heritage List, will walk with great care without damaging the historical texture.
The yacht, which provides short-term parking for boats, will be 250 meters wide and 100 meters wide. For the first stage, 1620 piles will be driven into the area, which is a natural protected area. The walls of the channel will be covered with local rectangular cut stone blocks in accordance with the historical texture.