History Of Cappadocia
The Cappadocia region incorporates nature and history. What makes Cappadocia famous is the Fairy Chimneys, which are located in their unique nature. Fairy chimneys, 60 million years ago Hasandagı and Erciyes mountain sprayed with soft layers of lava and ashes formed by rain and wind eroded for millions of years.
Strabon, one of the writers of Antiquity during the reign of Roman Emperor Augustus, stated in his 17-series book ‘Geographika’ that the boundaries of Cappadocia were extended to the Taurus Mountains in the south, Aksaray in the west, Malatya in the east and the eastern Black Sea coast in the north.
The written history of Cappadocia begins with the Hittites. However, it is estimated that the human settlements in the region date back to the Paleolithic period. Throughout history, Cappadocia, which houses trade colonies and has established a commercial and social bridge between countries, has been one of the important intersections of the Silk Road.
The people who migrated to these regions over the years have carved their fairy chimneys and used their caverns for houses, churches, warehouses, etc. People adorned Fairy Legs with frescoes and carried the traces of thousands of years old civilizations.
Cappadocia means “Land of Beautiful Horses” in Persian language.
Where to Visit in Cappadocia?
- Goreme: It can be described as the heart of Cappadocia. You can be sure that you will feel the best of history and nature. You can see the ruins of many churches, monasteries and living areas in the Güllüdere Valley in Göreme, and you can walk on a 4-kilometer hiking trail where the Fairy Chimney formations are best viewed. You can enjoy the scenery by watching the pigeons in the, which takes its name from the pigeons fed in the nests called pigeon laces carved in the valleys. In Zemi Valley, you can visit the Sarnıç, Saklı Church, Görkündere and El Nazar churches. You can take a romantic walk in Love Valley and end your wonderful day at Sunset Point with a magnificent sunset view.
- Uçhisar: It is the highest point of Cappadocia. Uçhisar, also known as the gate of Cappadocia, is located on the hill where the most beautiful panoramic view of the Cappadocia region is. Stroll through the historic streets, climb the castle, souvenir shops.
- Ihlara Valley: The first name of the Ihlara Valley, known to have begun in the 4th century, is known as Peristremma. The 14-kilometer long and 100-250 meters deep canyon of the Melendiz River has created a unique canyon, with the unique geological features of the region carved into the frescoed churches, preserved as a treasure trove of history has reached today.
- Ürgüp: You will fall in love with the fairy chimneys in Ürgüp. On Urgup Temenni hill, you can visit the historical tombs of the Ottoman Empire. You can get information about the history of the region at the Cappadocia Art and History Museum.
- Underground Cities: There are underground cities such as Özkonak, Özlüce and Tatlarin, which are the largest in Cappadocia, carved into rocks except Kaymaklı and Derinkuyu.
- Avanos: A place that hosts the unique beauties of Cappadocia. On the Goreme-Avanos road, you can see interesting examples of the capped fairy chimney formations in Pasabag, known as Pasabag Priests Valley. You can visit the churches in Çavuşin village which is one of the oldest settlements of Cappadocia region. The Güray Museum, the world’s first and only underground ceramic museum, offers thousands of years of rich cultural heritage.
- Ortahisar: Ortahisat Village consists of tuff rock and rock carved houses. In Ortahisar, you should visit Tavşanlı, Harim, Sarıca, Cambazlı, Balkan Creek Churches and Hallaç Dere Monastery.
- Zelve: It was founded on the steep and northern slopes of Aktepe. It is the most densely populated area of three-valley, pointed and wide-bodied fairy chimneys. Admire the unique beauty of this region.
- Mustafapaşa: Mustafapaşa, a region where Christians live intensively until the population change in 1924, has 30 churches and chapels. You should see the most important Cappadocia churches and chapels.
- Ibrahimpasa: In the village of Ibrahimpasa, bridges, inns, baths, madrasas and mosques were built. Damat Ibrahim Pasha Complex is the most important historical structure of the village.