Beylerbeyi Palace was considered as a summer residence of Ottoman sultans and a state guesthouse where foreign president or rulers would be hosted and was built upon the request of Sultan Abdülaziz (1861-1876). The construction of the palace started on 6 August 1863 and was officially opened on Friday 21 April 1865 with a ceremony. The construction organization of the palace was conducted by Ebniye-i Şâhâne Serkalfası (Palace chief) Serkiz Bey (Balyan). Mehmed Efendi, Mahmud Efendi and Rıfat Efendi carried out the building assurance duty of Beylerbeyi Palace, which can also be called financial and administrative responsibilities.
It is determined that the palace cost about 500 thousand Ottoman liras. Beylerbeyi Palace, the main structure of the community of buildings, is a two-storey and massive building on a high basement. The building, built on an area of approximately 2,500 square meters, sits on a rectangular floor area. The southern part of the palace is arranged as Mabeyn-i Hümâyûn, and the northern part as the Valide Sultan Circle. There are 6 halls, 24 rooms, 1 bath and 1 bathroom on both floors.
The Beylerbeyi Palace, Harem and Mabeyn sections, built by mixing the western and eastern styles, have the Turkish house plan feature. The roof of the building is hidden by a railing that hides all the sides of the facade from the top. The plan of the palace has a plan composition based on the central sofa (hall) motif of the iwan. The scheme in Beylerbeyi Palace consists of three parts. These sections are; Mabeyn-i Hümâyûn is the Bed Room (Hünkar Circle) and the Valide Sultan Room. The main Harem section belonging to the women and women, who came right after the Valide Sultan Apartment and built parallel to the sea, was built separately from the main building; this structure has not survived. The entrance facade of Mabeyn-i Hümây cn shows an arrangement where Neo-baroque emphasis is more prominent. Interior arrangements, such as the mass and facades of the Palace, were shaped with a selective approach. Due to the passion of Sultan Abdülaziz, who built the Beylerbeyi Palace, the sea and ship themes were covered in some frames and cartridges on the ceilings of the Palace; Sultan Abdülaziz even drew patterns with sea and ship themes to give painters an idea.
BEYLERBEYI PALACE IN HISTORY
Beylerbeyi Palace was used by the Sultan Sultan Abdülaziz (1861-1876) as a summer palace. Saray, Sultan Abdülaziz and II. During the reign of Abdulhamid, the state began to be assigned to them during the official visits of the foreign state rulers or presidents, and the state became a guest house. The first important guest to be hosted in Beylerbeyi Palace is the Empress of France, Eugénie. This trip of the Empress was taking place in Sultan Abdülaziz’s return to France in 1867. Other foreign guests hosted in Beylerbeyi Palace during the reign of Sultan Abdülaziz, Austrian-Hungarian Emperor Joseph (1869), Prince of Prussia Crown Prince Frédéric Guillaume Nicola Charles (1869), Crown Prince of Italy (1869), Persian Shah Nasireddin (18 August 1873), Sultan II. During the reign of Abdülhamid (1876-1909), which lasted for 33 years, Beylerbeyi Palace also served as a museum, especially visited by the foreign state protocol. In this period, along with Beylerbeyi Palace, Dolmabahçe Palace and Topkapı Palace Hazine-i Hümâyûn were used as reign museums, which can be visited with the permission of the Sultan. Sultan II. Abdülhamid was subjected to compulsory residence in Thessaloniki Alatini Mansion immediately after he was thrown from the throne, but was transferred to Istanbul due to the outbreak of the Balkan War approximately 3 years later. II. The new compulsory residence chosen for Abdulhamid was Beylerbeyi Palace. Sabık Hakan spent the last 6 years of his life in this palace and closed his eyes to life in this palace on February 10, 1918.