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It is located in Karacasu district of Aydın Province. Named after the goddess of love and beauty Aphrodite of Aphrodisias, especially from the area is an ancient city with the famed Aphrodite worship me in the Roman era.
The mound was built on theater in the later ages, BC. It is a Prehistoric settlement dating back to 5000s. B.C. The first Aphrodithe temple was also built during this period. This view BC. It changed with the establishment of the city with a grid plan in the 2nd century. In this period, around 15000 people lived in the city, spread over an area of about one kilometer. B.C. In the 1st century, Roman Emperor Augustus took the city of Aphrodisias under his personal protection. The monuments that survive today were built in the next two centuries.
Two squares surrounded by columns were planned between the theater and the temple (Tiberius Portico and Agora). The best preserved stadium in the ancient world was on the northern end of the city. A.D. In the late 3rd century Aphrodisias became the capital of the Caria Province of the Roman Empire. A.D. In the middle of the 4th century, the city was surrounded with walls. A.D. Beginning from the 6th century, it began to lose its flourishing and importance. Aphrodithe Temple was converted into a church. Returning to a small town, the city was completely abandoned in the 12th century.
This city is one of the leading architecture, art, sculpture and worship centers of antiquity. Byzantine writer Stephanos founded the city in BC. It dates back to the 13th century. 12 km from Karacasu district. Aphrodisias, which was established as a Caria city in the southeast, caught its golden age in the Roman period. During this period, extraordinarily beautiful marble sculptures and structures were built and an art school known as the Aphrodisias style was also developed.
As a result of the archaeological researches, it has been determined that there are studies in medicine and astronomy as well as architecture and sculpture in the city. The main building ruins that can be seen in the city, M.S. The bath, built in the time of Emperor Hadrianus in the 2nd century, agora with large pool, BC. It is a temple, stadium, theater, theater bath, odeon, bishop palace, philosophy school built for the Goddess Aphrodite in the 1st century.
The region is an important settlement area in the Bronze Age. The Acropolis and Pekmez Tepe mounds in the Aphrodisias Ruins, where archaeological research has been conducted, have yielded important finds covering all layers of the Bronze Age. These finds, which come together with products of the Central Anatolian Bronze Age civilizations, document that there is an advanced trade and cultural exchange in the region. In addition, an early Bronze Age Necropolis was identified within the borders of Güzelbeyli Village.
During the Aphrodisias excavations, Iron Age, Lydian-type ceramic giving layers, Archaic and Classical Period settlements were found around the Acropolis Hill Mound and the Aphrodite Temple. B.C. In the first millennium, the most important ancient city of the region, Aphrodisias, the cult of nature and fertility goddess composed of the goddesses of Aphrodite originated by the Asian origin Aphrodite, Asterte, Anatolian goddess Kybele and Greek-origin goddess Aphrodite, began to develop and the cult of Aphrodisias Aphrodite was established and the Temple of Aphrodite was established. the city has become a cult (belief) center.
In the Late Hellenistic Period, two ancient cities started to develop in the region. The Ancient Cities of Aphrodisias and Plarasa developed rapidly during the Roman Period, especially during the emperors from the Julius Claudius family. Privilege and autonomy were recognized by Rome and the two cities printed a common coin. Aphrodisias has become an important plastic arts center with the use of marble quarries in its immediate vicinity. So much so that city artists created their own sculptural school called “Manierist Style”. Region M.S. It continued to develop until the 4th century and remained important.
In the Byzantine Period, Aphrodisias was turned into the Archdiocese of the Caria Region. A.D. 6-11. In the centuries, the region lost its importance due to the Visigoth and the Arab raids with political, religious and economic problems. According to Byzantine sources 11-13. The Seljuks conquered the region four times between the centuries and the lands of Karacasu were inhabited by the Turkmen tribes. Thus, the Menteşe Principality and then the Aydın Sons became dominant for a while. II in 1413. Murat Karacasu added his lands to the Ottoman Empire. It has been connected to Aydın as Karacasu District since 1867.