Anatolian Hisari; Our city, which smells of history, is located in the Anatolian district of Istanbul. It was built in 1395 by Yıldırım Bayezid in the place where Göksu Stream flows into the Bosphorus. This building is the walls built in the narrowest part of the Bosphorus as part of the preparation of Istanbul for the Second Ottoman Siege. It was built to seize the Bosphorus and to pass the army safely to the opposite shore in a war near Rumelia.
Anatolian Hisari History
Anatolian Hisari is the first fortress built in the narrowest part of the Bosphorus. According to ancient sources, Anadolu Hisari; It is also known as Güzelhisar, Güzelcehisar, Yenihisar, Yenicehisar and Akhisar. Hisar was built at the time to prevent sending aid to Byzantium over the Black Sea. Anatolian Fortress has an important place in Ottoman history. When Yıldırım Bayezid Han was defeated in the Ankara War, his son Süleyman Çelebi was hidden here for a while.
During the reign of Sultan Murad Khan, this fortress was used for the army, which set out to stop the Crusader and Hungarian army, to Rumelia. Sultan Second Murad Han came here via Yalova, Candarlı Halil Pasha protected the sultan with a gunfire from the opposite shore, and despite the Papal and Venetian navy, he could easily cross the shore. Before the Rumeli Fortress was built before the conquest of Istanbul, this fortress was fortified and the throat was kept under control with two fortresses. Anadolu Fortress was used to meet the attacks coming to the city from the Black Sea after the conquest of Istanbul. Hisar started to be a settlement area during the reign of Fatih Sultan Mehmed Han. Fatih Sultan Mehmed built a mosque with a mosque here.
Anatolian Hisari Architectural Features
Anatolian Hisari is mainly composed of the main castle, the inner castle walls and three towers. The main castle part of Hisar is a tower rising on a rectangular plan. The tower was placed on a high rock covered with earth. This tower, consisting of 4 floors, is entered through a gate located in the southwest of today. The inner castle walls of Hisar surround the main castle, which is two to three meters thick and has four towers on it. The inner castle is to the north of the tower in the northeast. The outer fortress walls are very arched and very dense. It combines with the inner fortress walls from the southeast and northwest and is protected by three towers on it. Anadoluhisarı, one of the most interesting works of its kind in Anatolian Turkish architecture, was built in the period of Fatih Sultan Mehmet, and whose exterior wall was an important function in the control of the Bosphorus, along with Rumelihisarı.
Where is Anatolian Hisari?
The area where Anadolu Fortress is located has a width of approximately 7 decares. It corresponds to approximately a quarter of the area owned by Rumeli Fortress. Like the Rumeli Fortress, Anatolian Hisari was built in the narrowest part of the Bosphorus. These two fortresses are opposite each other on both sides of the throat. The distance to each other is about 850 meters.
What Can Be In Anatolian Hisari?
Anatolian Hisari fascinates its visitors with its Bosphorus view and beautiful nature. Güzelcehisar Café, located in the area where the Göksu stream flows into the sea in Hisar, is a place especially preferred by Istanbul residents for breakfast on the weekend. However, it is possible to find many beautiful and cute tea gardens, cafes and restaurants around the surroundings and square of Anatolian Hisari pier. The pleasure of Anatolian Hisari in the fresh air accompanied by a magnificent Bosphorus view by walking on the narrow streets towards the hills is another. TEMA-Vehbi Koç Nature Culture Center, which is located towards the hills of Anatolian Hisari, is also worth visiting. Also here you can see 180 degree Bosphorus view with lots of plants and trees.