Where is Zeugma Mosaic Museum? How to go to Zeugma Mosaic Museum? What is the history of Zeugma Mosaic Museum? What are the entrance fees for the Zeugma Mosaic Museum? You can find the answer to all these questions in this article and discover the Zeugma Mosaic Museum with us. Pleasant readings..
Zeugma Mosaic Museum was established on the site of the Old Tekel factory and was opened on 09.09.2011. The total session area of Zeugma Mosaic Museum and Exhibition and Conference Center is 30,000 square meters and has a closed area of 25,000 square meters. The complex, which consists of 3 building communities, includes mosaics brought from the Ancient City of Zeugma in the A block, floor mosaics of the churches of the Eastern Roman Period found in the excavations carried out in Gaziantep and its surroundings in the B block, and administrative floor, conference and foyer areas in the C block. In the Zeugma Mosaic Museum collection, 3,000 square meter mosaic, 140 square meter mural, 4 Roman Fountains, 20 columns, 4 limestone sculptures, bronze Mars statue, tomb steles, sarcophagi and architectural pieces are exhibited. .
There are works that can be counted among the most important mosaics of the world in Zeugma Mosaic Museum. The museum, which has a very rich mosaic collection in terms of subject and color diversity, attracts attention with its excessive number of square-meter tessera (name given to each mosaic stone). With three-dimensional designs and high-level techniques, the architecture, life style, rich transfer of plant and animal themes to the mosaics made Zeugma one of the most important mosaic museums in the world.
Through touch information screens in the museum, visitors can access site photos, videos and information on the status of the exhibiting works during and after the excavation.
What is Zeugma?
The Euphrates River, which formed the border of Mesopotamia, which was called the cradle of civilization, together with the Tigris, brought abundance to this region for thousands of years. Selevkos Nikator, one of the commanders of Alexander the Great, who passed through Anatolian lands with the goal of taking over the world 2300 years ago, also chose the fertile Euphrates coast to establish his settlement and chose to give the city a name that combines this river with its own name: Selevkos Euphrathes BC. When it came under Roman rule in 64, its name was changed to “Zeugma”, meaning “bridgehead”. The fact that it remained at a crossing point between civilizations and cultures as well as roads and continued this feature for centuries shows how proper its name is. Maintaining this advantage until it was destroyed by the Sassanids, Zeugma also managed to reach the wealth that would achieve the title of one of the four largest cities of the Commagene Kingdom.
The fact that all the walls and even the floors of the Poseidon and Euphrates villas, where the most magnificent of the mosaics were discovered and awaiting its visitors, which came to life on the entrance floor of the museum, are decorated with mosaic and frescoes.
Gypsy girl is the mosaic located at the base of the dining room of Mainad Villa. The figure in this piece of mosaic faces to the right. Her puffy hair is split in the middle on her forehead and tied with a scarf from behind. Narrow forehead, cheekbones are slightly pronounced and full face. His big eyes have a sad and meaningful expression. Large ring earrings are intertwined in his ears. For this reason, when it was first found, it was named as “Gypsy Girl”. It is believed to be a “Mainad”, one of the disciples of this god, in the Dionysus festivities due to the vine leaves next to his head.
Although it is not entirely on the face, the analogy of the “Mona Lisa” is made by the visitors due to their gaze and expression in their eyes.
A portion of the Gypsy Girl Mosaic was opened to visitors at the Zeugma Mosaic Museum after the twelve pieces found to be in the Bowlig Green State University of the USA were taken to the museum with the initiatives of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism.
Zeugma Mosaic Museum Visiting Hours Summer Period: 09: 00-19: 00
Zeugma Mosaic Museum Visiting Hours Winter Period: 09: 00-17: 00
The museum is open to visitors every day.