Where is Yıldız Hamidiye Mosque and Yıldız Clock Tower? How to go to Yıldız Hamidiye Mosque and Yıldız Clock Tower? What is the history of Yıldız Hamidiye Mosque and Yıldız Clock Tower? What are the entrance fees for Yıldız Hamidiye Mosque and Yıldız Clock Tower? You can find the answer to all these questions in this article and discover the Yıldız Hamidiye Mosque and Yıldız Clock Tower with us. Pleasant readings..
When you enter the road at the entrance of Yıldız Palace, you first encounter the Yıldız Clock Tower and the Yıldız Hamidiye Mosque, which distinguishes itself in many ways between the historical mosques in Istanbul, in the courtyard behind it.
The building, also known as Yıldız Mosque among the people, was built by the 2nd Abülhamit for use in Friday greetings. Yildiz Hamidiye Mosque is one of the beautiful historical places to be seen among historical mosques with its clock tower in its courtyard and wooden and pencil decorations that fascinate those who see it.
Information About Yıldız Hamidiye Mosque
When Abdülhamit came to the throne in 1876, he stayed at Dolmabahçe Palace for a while. Then he settled in Yıldız Palace. He asked for a mosque to be built at the entrance of Yıldız Palace to be used in the Friday greetings in order not to leave the palace for security reasons.
Yildiz Hamidiye Mosque is the last example of the architecture type and it was the last one of the selatin mosques built by the sultans and their families in the Ottoman Empire.
In many articles, the name of Sarkis Balyan is mentioned as the architect of Yıldız Hamidiye Mosque. However, it is also stated that the original architect was a Greek named Nikolaidis Jelpuylo, known as Nikolaki Kalfa.
History of Yıldız Hamidiye Mosque
The mosque, the construction of which started in 1881, was opened to worship in 1885. Yıldız Mosque witnessed glorious Friday greetings until the end of the reign of Abdulhamit II after the worship was opened.
The mosque also witnessed an assassination attempt against Abdulhamit 2. On July 21, 1905, he made a bomb assassination against Abdülhamit by the Armenian commanders at the exit of the Friday prayer. After the explosion, 26 people in the area died and 58 people were injured. 2. Abdulhamit’s conversation with Şeyhülislam more than usual at the exit of the mosque saved him from the attack.
Yıldız Hamidiye Mosque Features
You can enter the courtyard of Yıldız Mosque through a door resembling palace entrances. The main entrance door of the mosque is designed with crown hillocks. The 103rd verse of Surah Nisa is written under the crown at the top of the entrance. Under this verse, II. Abdulhamit has a monogram.
The dome in the middle of the main prayer area of the rectangular mosque is located in the interior, different from the traditional Ottoman architecture, away from the mihrab and close to the entrance. The ceiling, the dome, the altar, the walls and the murals are covered with intensive decorations that perceive the mosque’s relevance to the palace.
Star embroideries on the blue ground, which are uncommon in the dome decorations of the mosque, create an impression of beauty that will resemble the sky when you look. In the heart of the dome, the first three verses of Surat Al-Najm are written, and in the generation where the ceiling and the wall meet, the entire Surah Mulk is written.
It is known that Abdulhamid was interested in woodwork and made various items in his carpentry in Yıldız Palace. Made of cedar wood of Yıldız Hamidiye Mosque’s doner kebab, cages that can be seen on the right and left sides inside the mosque were produced by the workmanship of Abdulhamit II.
The crystal chandelier extending towards the floor in the middle of the dome was presented by the German emperor or chancellor of the period.
Allah (c.c), covered with rose gilding between each window in the mosque, decorated with a blue pattern on the ground, carved with mother of pearl on ebony, and gilded. Muhammad (saas), Hz. Abu Bakr, Hz. Omar, Hz. Osman, Hz. Ali, Hz. Hasan and Hz. There are plates with the names of Hüseyin (r.a.) written on them and they are rare.
Yıldız Hamidiye Mosque Architecture
The architecture of Yıldız Hamidiye Mosque is a mansion, even resembling palace architecture. The mosque has a unique structure in the late Ottoman architecture with its plan scheme and decoration. Yıldız Mosque, unlike other sultan mosques, has a single minaret.
There is a sultan’s throne on the right and left sides of the main prayer area of the mosque to pray for the sultan. The single dome of the mosque was placed on 4 columns reflecting the western architectural understanding of the period. In the building, where wooden decorations are predominant, only the pulpit, altar and preaching bench are made of marble.
Yıldız Clock Tower
Yıldız Clock Tower was built in 1890, 5 years after the mosque was opened for worship. The three-storey tower, built in a tapering form of 20 meters in height, is covered with a stone dome. On the top of the stone dome, there is a gilding direction indicator and a wind rose.
On the second floor of the tower, there is a barometer and on the third floor there is a clock dial. It is known that the architect of the tower is Sarkis Balyan.
Where and how to go to Yıldız Hamidiye Mosque?
Yıldız Mosque is located in Beşiktaş district, behind Yahya Kemal Park, next to Barbaros Boulevard. It is close to Beşiktaş Square and Zincirlikuyu Bridge. The mosque is opened for worship with the morning prayer and closed after the night prayer.
Yıldız Museum, Yahya Efendi Tomb, Ortaköy Mosque and Dolmabahçe Museum, which are close to the building, are among the places to be seen.
Although only the bus passes by public transport near the building, being close to Beşiktaş Square and Zincirlikuyu Bridge offers various alternatives for transportation.
After getting off from Zincirlikuyu stop by Metrobus, you should get on the buses that go to Beşiktaş Square and get off at Yıldız University stop. After getting off at Gayrettepe stop on Hacıosman-Yenikapı Metro line, you can go to Zincirlikuyu bridge and follow the same method.
In order to reach Anatolia, you can also choose the ferry next to Metrobus. For this, you should get on the ferries from Üsküdar or Kadıköy to Beşiktaş, get off at Beşiktaş Square and then get off at Yıldız University stop by taking the buses going to Zincirlikuyu. You can also reach the building with a 15-minute walk from Beşiktaş Square.
There is no fee for entrance to the mosque.