Troy (Trojan) Ancient City
You will learn everything you wonder about Troy Ancient City in our article. Where is Troy Ancient City? How to get to Troy Ancient City. Troy Ancient City entrance fee. Troy Ancient City photos. Canekkale Troy Ancient City.
Troy Ancient City, also called Troy or Troia, is a large ancient city, which was home to the Trojan War in ancient Greek history, located within the borders of the Hisarlık district of Çanakkale and lived in a prosperous time. Troy Ancient City is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Although there has been much scientific discussion about whether Troy actually existed in the past, it has been accepted by almost everyone that the archaeological excavations that have taken place have revealed this legendary city in Iliad of Homer. The ancient city of Troy was first discovered by the excavations carried out by German archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann between 1870 and 1890. Later, Wilhelm Dörpfield’s excavations in 1895 revealed that the region was the place where the Trojan War was fought. ancient troy.
Troy in Homer’s Iliad Epic
Homer is one of the most famous bards of the ancient period. Ilyada and Odysseia are the ones that brought her this reputation. One interesting aspect of the Iliad Epic is that these works actually appeared about 500 years after the Trojan War was fought. Let’s try to summarize the Iliad Epic, which contains heroic stories for the Ancient Greeks;
The Trojan army, which defended the city of Troy under the leadership of King Priam, received support from Carians, Halizones, Kaukons, Kikons, Lycians, Pelasgiles, Phrygians and Thracians. The final and decisive action in the war was in the idea of Odysseus’ wooden horse. Inspired by Athena, Odysseus built a huge wooden horse, hiding a group of soldiers inside. He hid the rest of the army to nearby Tenedos (Bozcaada). The Trojans, who thought they had won the war, took the horse inside the city walls and started celebrating victory. The Greeks came out of the horse during the celebration of the victory and opened the city gates for the soldiers outside, and the city of Troy was immediately captured by the Greeks.
The Trojan War BC It was the 10-year siege of the city by a Greek army led by King Agamemnon in the 13th century. The aim of the siege was to save Helena, the wife of Agamemnon’s brother, Argos King Menamelaos, who had been kidnapped by the Prince of Troy, Paris. The Trojan and the Trojan War later became one of the main myths of Classical Greek and Roman literature. In his work, Homer İlyada, he describes Troy as “well-established”, “well-built” and “high-walled”. The walls were unusually strong to withstand a 10-year siege and these walls could not be overcome in battle; it was only entered with the Trojan Horse trickery.
Is the Trojan Horse Real?
The Trojan Horse in the Ancient City of Troy was made for visitors in a completely symbolic way. It is impossible to say that such a horse story has actually happened, starting from an epic that emerged 500 years after the war, as we mentioned above, in an environment where even the war is actually discussed.
Nevertheless, the Trojan War between Greeks and the defenders of the Trojan city of Anatolia is remembered even thousands of years later. According to the Epic of Odysseia, the Greeks who looted Troy did so much evil in the city that they caught a storm on the way back and could not return to most countries. It is even said that Fatih Sultan Mehmet visited the ruins of the city after taking Istanbul and said, “We have taken revenge of Troy and Hector”. What is written about Troy is one of the richest sources of antiquity, telling the story of gods and heroic warriors, and gives information about the war, religion, tradition and attitudes of the ancient Greeks.
Trojan Ancient City Ruins
Many people encounter the effect of the settlement in Troy, multi-layered structures and intense archaeological research still underway. Fortunately, the public area has an infrastructure of prominent roads, platforms and information boards, carefully crafted to navigate in the best way. The building, which was used as a guest house by archaeologists at the entrance of Troy Ancient City, has been turned into a museum today. Trojan horse models and photos are exhibited in this museum. When you enter through the door, Pithos Garden welcomes you. The height of its doors is 2 meters. Clay pots and water pipes used for grinding grain can be seen in the garden. There is a granite stone weighing 20 tons in the garden and this is called Troia’s Eternal Stone. It was used as a symbol of the city.
One of the most important works of Troy Ancient City is the Temple of Athena. Lysimachus, one of the generals of Alexander the Great, built in 300 BC, was later renovated during the Roman Emperor Augustus. It was the center of celebrations held annually in honor of the goddess Athena. It is one of the best-preserved works of the city. However, on the right side of the road, there are the ruins of Roman baths and a small theater where music performances called Odeon are performed. The history of Odeon dates back to the end of the 1st century AD. There are not many ruins left from Troy Palace located at the tip of the city. In the studies conducted here, large food warehouses were found and it was concluded that the palace was used as a warehouse for at least some time.
How To Get To Troy? Entry Fee and Entry Hours
The city in the summer season (April – October) from 8 am to 20 pm; In the winter season (November – March), it can be visited between 8 am and 17 pm and the entrance fee is 25 TL. Young children can enter for free, and parking at the city entrance is free. Minibuses going to Troy Ancient City depart from Çanakkale every day between 7 and 17 hours. The trip costs 5 TL and takes approximately 40 minutes. The last minibus from Troy moves at 17. Visitors to the city mostly return from accommodation. If you plan to stay near the city, there are several hotels in Tevfikiye village in the east of the city.