Tralleis Ancient City
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Today I will tell you about the ancient city of Tralleis, which is located in the north of Aydın and has a great importance in the Ancient Times.
Located in the wide and high plateau on the southern skirts of the Chestnut Mountains, this Ancient City was an important center of several states during the Roman Empire.
The governors sent here were sent directly from Rome. The city’s favorable climate conditions, natural defenses, and wet and fertile land made it an important and powerful center.
All the governors of the city came from Rome, but in the war between Rome and Seleucid, they took the side of the Seleucid and confronted Rome. After this event, he was connected to the Kingdom of Pergamon and took the name ‘Tralleis’. In the period between 189-133 BC, the city experienced its most peaceful and peaceful period.
Today, due to the arch ruins of the Gymnasium part, it has been called the ‘Three Eyes’ by the public. The famous historian and geographer Strabon from Amasya gives very important information about the Ancient City of Tralleis in his work named ‘Geographika’, which he studied and wrote the geography and history of Anatolia.
Among these information, he also mentions the road to the city, its surroundings and those living in it. In fact, the clear settlement of the city is known thanks to his writings.
Tralleis is such an important city that it forms the basis of the province of Aydın. As far as we learned from Strabon, the city was founded by Traller and Argos people and got its name from a Thracian warrior named Tralles. According to the writings of both Strabon and other antiquity writers, the city stretches along the north of Büyük Menderes and is very strong due to being on the important trade route.
Tralleis Ancient City was an important culture and trade center of Anatolia in Antiquity and has changed hands many times due to wars. It was badly affected in the Athens-Sparta and Athens-Persian wars, especially in the Classical and Archaic Ages. In addition, Persia came under the sovereignty of Hellenistic Kingdoms, Macedonia and Rome.
The city, which was ruled by the Persian Empire for many years, came out of the Persian domination in 333 BC after the Macedonian King Alexander the Great defeated the Persian Emperor Darius. The city of Tralleis was one of the few cities that surrendered to Alexander the Great’s campaign without any resistance.
The city, which had a limited autonomy around the 3rd century BC, printed bronze coins. In addition, when the epigraphic and numismatic skis are examined in the works written by the ancient writers, it was also determined that the city was the strongest. The city is quite rich and powerful when it is under the rule of the Pergamon Kingdom.
As a result of the archaeological excavations carried out here, it is seen that most of the important buildings built in the city were built in the 3rd and 2nd centuries BC. One of the most important structures built during this period is the ‘Brick Palace’ of Pergamon Kings.
The color of this palace is thought to be a political symbol. The information given by Vitruvius and Plinius about this palace is very important. Built for the residence of the Pergamon Kings, this palace was used by the priest of Zeus, the chief god of the city pantheon, in the later Roman period.
Tralles lived another rich period during the Attalos period and coins were minted this period. The city is in peace and prosperity, as can be understood from the coins during these years, dating back to the 2nd century BC.
The city, which has hosted many civilizations throughout history, has been an important settlement center. Mythology has also been an important source, apart from inscriptions and coins about the city, which has this historical richness.
The city also has a foundation Mythology. He is the warrior who gave his name to the city I mentioned earlier. There are important coins with the symbol of this warrior. One of these is a depiction of a warrior standing on Marcus Aurelius.
We learn the old names of the city from Plinius and Stephanos from Byzantion. The first name of the city was used in two different ways as “Polyanthia / Multi-Flowered City” or “Euantheia / Beautiful Flowered City”.
The city was used as an important Episcopal center during the Byzantine Empire.