Sultan Ahmet Mosque
Due to the color of the eye-catching patterns that adorn its interior walls, the Blue Mosque, which is called “Blue Mosque” abroad, is considered as one of the most successful examples of Turkish-Islamic architecture.
The building, which brought a brand new perspective to the Ottoman mosque culture with its architectural approach preferred in its construction, is one of the stops that should be seen within the scope of the Historical Peninsula tour. Here is Sultanahmet, which gave its name to a neighborhood in all aspects…
Information about the Sultan Ahmet Mosque
The religious structure, which is included in the glory of travelers in the Historical Peninsula, is built between 1609 and 1616 in line with the order of Sultan Ahmet I, who is known for his importance to spirituality.
Carrying the signature of Sedefkâr Mehmet Ağa, which is considered one of the most important names of Ottoman architecture after Sinan, the building is the first mosque (sultan) mosque built with an allowance allocated from the state treasury.
Sultanahmet was built in place of Ayşe Sultan Palace, which covers a large area on the sea-facing part of Horse Square. The palace located in the direction of Qibla was purchased for 30.000 gold.
Even the foundation of the building was laid by Ahmet I himself. The pickaxe, where the sultan struck the ground where the foundation will be laid, is on display at the Topkapı Palace today.
Sultanahmet, which was subjected to criticism from various sections after its completion, is known as the first and only 6 minaret mosque within the Ottoman borders.
The focus of criticism about the building was the high amount of money spent despite the fact that the number of minarets is the same as the Mecca Mosque and the decrease in the income of the empire. Some of these criticisms ended with the building of the 7th minaret in Mecca.
The honor number of the mosque was determined as 16 by Mehmet Ağa. When choosing this number, the architect wanted to emphasize that, when the Fetret Age was taken into account, Ahmet I was the 16th sultan who took the throne in the Ottoman Empire.
Sultanahmet, which is one of the most interesting historical buildings of Istanbul with Topkapı Palace, Basilica Cistern and Grand Bazaar, had a large complex when it was first built. However, a large part of the complex, which consists of madrasah, sultan pavilion, imaret house, in the middle, and baths, has failed to reach today.
Nevertheless, you can see the single domed tomb of Ahmet I, who passed away at the age of 28, and the sundial. The fountain in the mosque was designed with 6 columns.
Inside the Sultan Ahmet Mosque
There is a cord made of iron at the main door of the Blue Mosque, where the courtyard can be accessed from 3 doors. This cord was placed at the entrance and asked to be given the message “Even if the sultan who comes to the house of Allah has to bend while entering”.
As a result of the conversion of Hagia Sophia into a museum in 1924, the interior of the religious building, which became the main mosque of Istanbul, through the main door, was placed on four pillars and covered with a magnificent dome of 43 meters.
The diameter of the dome, decorated with eye-catching patterns, is 23.5 meters. Blue, which is the dominant color in the patterns in this part of the mosque, was used during repairs in different periods. In the restoration, which was completed in 1990, ceiling patterns were partially restored to their original form.
During the visit, the walls of the mosque, where you can find the opportunity to listen to the prayers read by the best muezzins of Istanbul, adorn about 22,000 tiles brought from Iznik and Kütahya.
Motifs of different flower types are engraved on the tiles, which have a great role in attracting the mosque. Thanks to the 260 windows that provide illumination of the building, the tiles display a very beautiful appearance especially on the days when the weather is open.
Apart from the tiles from the 16th and 17th centuries, the sections I would recommend you to see inside the Sultanahmet are the altar, pulpit and sultan pavilion of the mosque. The marble altar is covered with tiles decorated with flower motifs just like on the walls and its visuality is enhanced with columns.
The elements that bring the glory to the pulpit covered with gold gilding are geometric passes and reliefs. The sultanate pavilion, where you can see its first example in the Ottoman Empire in this mosque, was built to rest the sultan before and after prayer.
I suggest you take the time to see the fine wall workmanship inside the mansion, the door of which is decorated with gilded tiles, mother-of-pearl inlays.
Where is the Sultan Ahmet Mosque?
Located right across the Hagia Sophia Museum, the Blue Mosque is located in the Historic Peninsula Region, which is famous for the historical buildings of Fatih District.
Therefore, when you want to come to the region using your own vehicle, you can choose from the areas around Topkapı Palace or high schools as a parking place.