Side Ancient City
You will learn everything you wonder about the ancient city of Side in our article. Where is the ancient city of Side? how to get to the ancient city of Side? Information about the ancient city of Side. Side ancient city. Side ancient city entrance fee.
Side, which is a peninsula connected to Manavgat district of Antalya, BC. It is estimated that it was founded before the 7th century. Side means “Pomegranate”, the holy fruit of the ancient Anatolian goddesses, and is also used as the emblem of the city of Side. Looking at the inscriptions available, BC. Until the 3rd century, the language “Sidece”, which is a language specific to the city, is mentioned. Although Sidece is accepted as a Luwian language used by Luwians, the indigenous people of Anatolia, in various sources, this language, which is still not fully resolved, is considered to be one of Indo-European languages. Hittites, Lydians, Persians, Romans, Byzantines and Ottomans dominated this port city respectively.
B.C. The city experienced its brightest period in the 2nd century thanks to the strong wars and trade of the Ptolemies. During this period, it became a science, culture and trade center. The Sidelians, who believed and worshiped many gods such as Aphrodite, Ares, Asclepius, Hegaia, Kharitler, Demeter, Dionysos, Hermes, especially Apollo and Athena, M.S. They started to become Christian in the 4th century. A.D. In the 5th century when Pamphylia Metropolis (Episcopal Center) became, they experienced the brightest episcopal period for two hundred years. It became the center of trade with the Roman period. Although there is a rich and bright period especially in the slave trade, according to the Arab geographer Idrisi; the city was abandoned as a result of loot and fires The majority of the people who abandoned migrated to Antalya. In the 19th century, immigrants from the Crete region settled on the ruins of this beautiful port city and established the Selimiye neighborhood. The village, which also forms the core of today’s village, covered the whole peninsula over time.
Let me try to explain this historical peninsula to the structures of the island, when our language turns. After leaving the main road, turning the city and BC. It is entered through the main gate of the 2nd century land walls. The main gate is protected by two towers located next to it. Opposite this gate, there are 9 flowing fountains of the three large niche monumental fountains (Nymphaeum) located on the roadside. Therefore, the source of the building known as 9 fountains is Manavgat stream. You can observe that the building, which was built 20 meters high and 52 meters wide, has fallen to 12 meters in height as a result of earthquakes and in other words, it can survive. Although the fountain does not flow due to the restoration work, this historical monumental fountain is enough to enchant you even in its roughly finished form.
Right next to the fountain, you come across 2 column roads. The main column road occupies traffic and if you continue on this road, small small shops, agora, theater, Turkish baths and houses take you to the port of the city. The second one appears as a street that starts from the left side of the fountain and ends in the harbor and temples. In fact, is it not an interesting coincidence that the two-column street crosses the harbor?
We continue on the main column road and reach the Vespasianus fountain by looking at the shops and houses of the time. The 15-meter-high arch, located next to the Vespasianus fountain at the narrowest point of the peninsula, is one of the rare structures that managed to survive in all its glory. Today, traffic flows through this door. It is really a pity that the traffic is flowing here due to geographical insufficiency and technical impossibilities, but it is very difficult to accept.
When you pass through this arch, it welcomes you to one of the rarest buildings in Side. A.D. The theater, which belongs to the 2nd century, is at a height of 20 meters and has a capacity of about 15 thousand. The stage building has three floors. Another feature that distinguishes this theater from other theaters is that; While all other theaters were built behind the mountain, the Side theater was built by positioning it on the arches, as its geographical location was not appropriate. In the Roman period, the orchestra section was surrounded by railings for gladiatorial and wild animal struggles. The theater, which was used for Christian rites during the Byzantine period, has architecturally rich decorations. There are 14 shops and 5 entrance places in the gallery outside the theater.
The bath located right next to the theater, M.S. It was built in the 5th century. The bath, which was restored and converted into a museum in 1962, consists of 4 sections: Locker rooms (Apodyterium), warm room (Tepidairum), warm room (Caldarium) and cold room (Frigdirum). When you enter the museum, namely the bath, you can observe the hot water pipes located under the walls. This tradition continues in the same way by the Byzantine and the Ottomans and is a feature that has survived to the present day. We said that the bath was converted into a museum. In the museum, many works belonging to Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine periods, inscriptions, sculptures, sarcophagi, portraits, amphoras, tomb steles are exhibited in the museum. Most of these are the works that were found as a result of the excavations made by Prof. Dr. Arif Müfid Mansel. Another building built around the theater is the Temple of Dionysus. The Temple of Dionysus, which belongs to the early Roman period, is adjacent to the Vespasian monument. Although there is not much information about the building, it is stated that the temple dates back to the Hellenistic period and the temple was lost in its Byzantine period and was used for another business with the spread of Christianity.
The agora, which is known to be easily observed from the theater and played the leading role in many decisions in those years, cannot be entered because excavation work continues.
As we entered the city, we mentioned the two-column road. Gymnasium (gymnasium), which covers a large area, welcomes you when you enter the road with columns extending next to the monumental fountain. It is not difficult to realize that it is one of the places that gives its promise right by looking at the wide area it spreads. There is the temple of Tyche (goddess of chance), which is located in the middle of the Gymnasium and the Theater and is the guardian goddess of the city. This building, which has a structure that we are not used to seeing in Anatolia, is considered as a copy of the temple located in the city of Antiokheia. A.D. The questions about why the Temple, which is thought to have been built in the 2nd century, was not built in the middle of the Roman agoras, cannot be answered. The temple, built on a 2-meter platform, is surrounded by a gallery with 12 columns.
While walking towards the temples of Athena and Apollo, which are identified with the ancient city of Side, it is possible to come across pomegranate trees, even if they are left and right. Let me tell you why Side is integrated with pomegranate. According to mythology; Side, the goddess of nature and fertility, goes to the Melas shore (Manavgat) to collect flowers with Side’s daughter and Nymphalar (forest fairies). Admiring the flowers of a colorful tree, Side plucks a branch to give her daughter of these flowers. In fact, this tree is a goddess turned into a tree to protect against evil people. Side cannot suddenly move, its feet integrate with the ground, and leaves gush out of the fingertips. Nymphas (forest nymphs) are very upset about this and cry. They wet Side’s rooted feet with tears. Realizing that he made a big mistake, Side calmly says the following; “From now on I will be the symbol of nature and life with my blood color fruits. Bring my daughter here often. Play it in my shadow and tell him, don’t let any flower break. Don’t hurt any trees. Maybe every tree or flower is a deformed goddess. ” Side, which has a story that is believed to be formed in mythology, is full of pomegranate trees. Although the symbol of the city is pomegranate, it is the main temple of Apollo identified with the peninsula. Let’s say at least decorate postcards. The temple of Apollo, which we know as the god of light, beauty and art, has been restored and has survived until today with 5 columns and corintheads. The Temple of Apollo, which was located in the middle of the Byzantine basilica, was dismantled by the Byzantines for use in the construction of the basilica at that time. The temple of Apollo is a legacy worth seeing with its historical ruins. You can also see the temple ruins dedicated to Men, the God of the Moon, in Side, who believes in Kybele (mother of the gods) and Men (god of the moon) before Athena and Apollo.
When making your vacation plans, I say don’t miss this half island. Because Side is a beautiful historical peninsula where you will admire its historical textures while walking and witness all the experiences, and enjoy the sea with Apollo saluting the sun.