Selge Ancient City
You will learn everything you wonder about the ancient city of selge. Where is the ancient city of selge? selge ancient city how to get there. Information about the ancient city selge. selge ancient city pdf.
Although it is not as difficult to get to Selge Ancient City in the center of Altınkaya (Formerly Zerk) Village of Manavgat District of Antalya, it still requires a complicated journey. 5 km after seeing the Aspendos junction on the Antalya-Alanya highway, Köprülü Canyon-Selge junction on the left. By following the road leaving the main road and arriving at Köprülü Canyon, you can reach the Ancient City of Selge by following the 14 km stabilized road with the help of direction signs. This journey, which you will go through the traces of the bridges dating from the Roman Period and the ancient ancient road, also embraces beautiful panorama.
Selge Ancient City has attracted the attention of travelers and scientists like other Pisidian cities around it from the 18th and 19th century. The traveler and researcher A. Schönborn, following the valleys of Aksu (Kestros) and Köprüçay (Eurymedon) in 1841-42, visited the hardest points of Pisidia and visited Zerk Village during these trips and localized Selge. E. T. Daniell, who first came to the region with T. A. B. Spratt in 1842, made his studies on the second visit to the region in the mountainous Pisidia between Aksu and Köprüçay and Selge. In 1884-1885, the team headed by K. G. Lanckoronski conducted extensive research on the cities of Pamphylia and Pisidia. This team especially worked on Termessos, Kremna, Ariassos, Sagalassos and Selge, the five cities of Pisidia that left the most ruins, prepared the topographic plans of these cities, prepared the ruins of the cities, prepared their surveys and published the pictures of the ruins with their inscriptions in 1892. Reaching the Ancient City of Selge in the 1950s, George E. Bean praised the hospitality of the people of the village, which evolved from the name Selge and turned into Zerk, and made suggestions about the Ancient City of Selge in his work. The reason why Selge Ancient City is at a difficult point to reach and therefore logistic support is expensive is perhaps the reason why a systematic and scientific excavation has not been done in Selge Ancient City until today.
In the ancient sources, Selge is a city that has made a sound with the events it has experienced in the history, although it is not as frequent as the cities of Termessos and Sagalassos, which are neighbors and have difficulties in wars. As far as we have learned from ancient sources, Khalkas founded Selge. Later, the claim that the Spartans settled was taken as suspect by George E. Bean. Because, especially in the Hellenistic and Roman Periods, many cities in the south of Anatolia have claimed that their descendants came from the important centers of the Classical Period Greece, such as Athens, Argos, Sparta, and tried to achieve status by establishing a “genetic / superior” advantage. This tradition and imagination also took place in the historiography of the nation-state, which was on the rise in the 20th century.
Selge, which was mentioned as the city of Pisidia in all sources without exception, nevertheless had conflicts with Pisidian neighbors Sagalassos, Pednelissos and Termessos, and developed good relations with the cities of Pamfilya in the south. B.C. The fact that a pair of wrestlers on the front side of the silver Selge coins printed in the 5th century and the figure with a slingshot on the back are indistinguishable from the figures on the coins printed in the same period as Aspendos, a city of Pamphylia, confirms this relationship. Again, the name of the city was written as Stlegiys / Estlegiys on the coins of Selge in this period. Selge, M.S. Coins were abundant until the 3rd century.
Strabon mentions that Selge’s population reached 20,000 for a while. This population, which marks a big city for its period, also retains very fertile lands, according to Strabon. Stating that Selge has a wild and humid nature, which is also the case today, Strabon explains that Selge was a city devoted to independence and that no kingdom, tyranny or any other building had entered the hegemony until the Roman Period. We learn from Selbe that Selge, while cultivating the lands belonging to his autonomy, has set his eyes on the fertile lands of the Southern Pamphylia Plain, which forms the eastern coast of Antalya, and faces with the Hellenistic Kingdoms from time to time. However, Strabon introduces Seljians as “the most remarkable people among the Pisidian peoples”. He also mentions that it is common to encounter a Selgelii anywhere in Asia Minor (Anatolia), since Selge has a very popular people. The information provided by Strabon about the economy and ethnography of the people of Selge is also interesting. According to his accounts, vines and olives grow on the Selge lands; Another type of irises used in making ointments / medicines is one of Selge’s famous products. The gum extracted from the log tree that we encounter on the coins of the city should be one of the important elements of the Selge economy. Strabon transfers the use of this chewing gum as “people with superstition use this substance as incense”.
During the Great Eastern expedition, BC. Selge was one of the rare cities that came to the Pisidia Region in 333 and was friendly to Alexander the Great. We learn from Arrian’s arguments that Alexander did not have an intention to surround Selge. According to this, Seljians came to İskender while İskender was in front of Termessos. Alexander is preparing to leave the area. Most likely, the Seljians, who came to help the siege of their “enemies” Termessos, gained the discretion of Alexander by giving him a shorter and safer way to the Phrygian country through the city of Sagalassos when he gave up besieging Termessos. It is worth remembering that as a result of this journey, perhaps thanks to Selge – Alexander took Sagalassos by surrounding it.
Polybois, BC. In 220, he details in detail an event in which Selgians were important figures. According to this narrative, Selge encompasses his neighbor Pednelissos. The people of Pednelissos ask for help from Akhaios, who was sent to the region to take back Syrian territory and later established a short-lived kingdom there. Rejoicing for this request for help, Akhaios sends commander Garsyeris and an army of 6000 people to the region. Seljians capture a passage near Pednelissos. After that, collisions occur and Seljians lose their places as a result of a trick. Garsyeris, who gathers 12,000 more soldiers from Etenna and Aspendos, walks to the area to remove the Pednelisos siege and sends food aid to the city. Seljeans prevent this help and take action to take over Garsyeris’s camp. As a result, the Seljians, who have been defeated with heavy losses, stop besieging Pednelissos and retreat to their city. Since they know Garsyeris is chasing them, they decide to send him a messenger for a ceasefire. They elect a fellow citizen named Logbasis, who is also a friend of Akhaios, as an ambassador. But Logbasis “betrays” the city, telling commander Garsyeris that if Akhaios comes to Selge, he will surrender the city to him. After the conditions are accepted, Akhaios comes to the city. On the other hand, the Seljians discuss the conditions in anticipation of a good treaty, unaware of the danger. Taking advantage of this situation, Logbasis started to expect that they will be at home with their sons and supporters. Akhaios comes to the city gates with half of his soldiers. Garsyeris, on the other hand, will attack the area called Kesbedion in the west, the highest hill in the city. Meanwhile, a shepherd, who sees and hears what is going on outside the city, conveys the news to the Selgians. Then, after Logbasis, who was killed in his house, after Garsyeri was late and withdrew, Seljians attack Akhaios, whose attack on the city gate was fruitless. Seljians, who killed 700 soldiers of Akhaios and repelled the attack, thus saved the freedom of their city and, as the historian Polybios put it, “they do not maintain the blood ties with the Spartans”. Nevertheless, with the fear of being betrayed again from the inside, the Selgians make a peace agreement with Akhainos, the conditions of which are materially expensive for the Selgians. According to this agreement, they pay compensation for the period, which is quite high and totaling 700 talents, and they release the prisoners of Pednelissos. This amount shows that Selge is a rich city. It is worth remembering: BC. From the 5th century AD. Selge, who printed coins until the 3rd century BC, was also the first city to print money in Pisidia.
With the Roman Period, like many cities around it, Seljians established good relations with the Romans and as a result they were able to maintain their independence and land. Later, the city was given to Amyntas within the vasal kingdom system implemented by Rome in Anatolia. We know that the city was under Roman rule in the early periods of the empire. We learn from the Byzantine archives that Selge was mentioned as Zerk and Aladana during the Byzantine Period.