Where is Perge Ancient City? How to go to Perge Ancient City? What is the history of Perge Ancient City? What are the entrance fees for Perge Ancient City? You can find the answer to all these questions in this article and discover the Perge Ancient City with us. Pleasant readings..
Perge Ancient City is an ancient city, located 18 km from Antalya city center, within the borders of Aksu district, which was once the capital of Pamphylia Region. Troy, Ephesus and Bergama is a magnificent historical ancient city that deserves attention as much as the Ancient City.
Perge Ancient City was among the richest, crowded and beautiful cities in the old world during the Hellenistic period. The ancient city, which had brilliant periods at different times independently from each other, will stand up to the end of 2020 with all its magnificence.
Perge Ancient City, which is on the UNESCO World Temporary Heritage List and dates back to the Bronze Age, is known as a city that is very important in terms of planning in the context of the Late Classical, Hellenistic and predominantly Roman Imperial periods.
The excavations were first started in the 1950s. Perge Ancient City, which has reached the 25 percent level of excavations so far, is one of the largest and most important ancient cities in the world that has survived with its historical assets and size.
Pamfilya Plain, which is a suitable and popular area since the prehistoric times, was used as a settlement and trade center since 4000 or 3000 BC. Pamphylia, which means “the country of all tribes”; The name of the region between Lycia and Cilicia in the east of Antalya, which also includes the historical cities of Aspendos, Perge and Side. It is believed that the place called Parha in the tablets found in the Hittite capital Hattusa is Perge. Therefore, it is estimated that the history of the city dates back to 1200 BC.
According to the traditional acceptance of the experts, after the Troia War, 12 km from the sea by the Greeks wandering around the area under the leadership of Amphilokhos, Khalkas and Mopsos. established inside. It was the only port city on the Pamphylia coast until the foundation of Attaleia in the Hellenistic Period.
Perge, located on the ancient road that started in Bergama and ended in Side, completed its geographical importance and development, especially thanks to Aksu (Kestros) river. The city, which is located within the borders of the Ionian satrapies connected to the Persians in 546 BC, was handed over to it without fighting with the arrival of Alexander the Great.
St. Paul and Barnabas started their first trip in Anatolia to spread Christianity from here. Most of the buildings whose remains are seen today are from the Roman Period. The city lost its importance after the Arab raids started in the 7th century AD.
Perge Ancient City, Antalya
Perge, one of the leading cities of Pamphylia, was established on a wide and fertile plain between the two hills located 4 km west of the Kestros (Aksu) River.Transformed into a marble city by artists, Perge has a flawless and perfect city plan to envy modern city planners.
It is among the most regular Roman period cities in Anatolia. If you visited the Antalya Museum, when you see hundreds of sculptures removed from Perge, you will notice the splendor of the city.
The Ruins of Perge Ancient City
You can start touring the Ancient City of Perge by walking along the magnificent ruins of the monumental city walls. When you enter Perge Ancient City, you will meet the magnificent Greek-Roman type theater built on the southern skirts of Kocabelen Hill. To the right of the road from the theater to the city is one of the best preserved stadiums from ancient times.
It consists of three sections: Cavea (Audience seating section), Orchestra and Scene (Sahne). The area devoted to the orchestra between the cavea and the stage where the gladiator and wild animal fights were held in the orchestra area, which was popular for the same period, is a bit wide from the half circle and has a capacity of 13000 spectators.
There are 19 rows at the bottom and 23 at the top. The fact that the orchestra part is surrounded by handrails indicates that gladiator games were also held here.
The most interesting part of the Perge theater is the stage building. There are reliefs about the life of Dionysos, the god of wine, on the face of the stage building that opens to the tower with a total of 5 doors. The marble reliefs in the stage building of the Perge theater also have great looks.
Perge Stadium is known as one of the best stadiums from the ancient world to the present day. The main material of the building, which is thin, long and rectangular, is the conglomerate blocks, which are the natural stones of the region. The stadium, which is on the northern short edge, and in the shape of a horseshoe, and on the south, has 11 rows of seats, seated on 70 arches.
In the stadium, which is thought to have a monumental wooden entrance on the southern short edge, it is believed that the arch spaces carrying long edges are used as shops. It is estimated that the building with a capacity of approximately 12,000 people was built in the second half of the 1st century AD.
The Agora section, the commercial and political center of the city, is surrounded by shops all around the courtyard in the middle. The base of some large shops is covered with mosaic. These shops open to the agora and the other to the streets surrounding the agora, respectively.
Depending on the slope of the land, the shops on the south wing were built with two floors. During the period of the Eastern Roman Empire, the main entrances other than the western entrance were covered with a wall and the northern entrance was probably used as a chapel.
It lies between the fountain (Nympheum) and the settlement at the foot of the acropolis. A 2 m wide water channel in the middle divides the street into two. Columns removed in the excavations of the ancient city are re-erected on the streets in accordance with their originals, as in the ancient period.
The Hellenistic wall has three gates in the east, west and south. This door in the south is entering the courtyard door type. B.C. The Hellenistic Gate, dated to the 2nd century, is a monumental building with an oval courtyard plan, protected by the two-storey four-storey tower for the defense understanding of the age. The presence of three phases was detected at the gate.
MS. It was transformed into a court of honor by undergoing some changes in 121. In the meantime, it is understood that a columnar façade architecture was created in which Hellenistic walls were covered with colored marbles, and statues belonging to god and legendary founders of the city were placed in the niches opening to the walls.
One of Perge’s best preserved buildings in the list of places to visit in Antalya, the South Bath stands out with its size and monumentality compared to its counterparts in the Pamphylia Region. The spaces devoted to different functions such as dressing, cold bath, warm bath, hot bath, body movements (Palaestra) are lined up side by side and the person who came to the bath was able to use the bath complex by passing from one place to another.
The heating system under the floor of some places can be seen today. Perge South Bath, MS. It reflects the construction, modification and addition activities of different phases from the 1st century to the 5th century.
Where is Perge Ancient City
Entrance Fee: 25 TL, Museum Card.
Visiting Hours: You can visit Perge Ancient City every day of the week between 08.00-19.00 between 15 April and 2 October and between 08.00-17.00 between 3 October and 14 April. The ancient city is closed on the 1st day of religious holidays until 13:00.
How to get to Perge Ancient City
Perge Ancient City, located on a wide plain between the two hills, 4 km west of Aksu River, is within the borders of Aksu district, 18 km east of Antalya. To go to Aksu from Antalya, you can reach the city center in 45 minutes by bus number AC03. After arriving at Aksu, you follow the Perge sign and walk 2 km from the road in front of the Gendarmerie and come to Perge Ancient City.
Perge Ancient City is close to the city center and easy to reach. Visit the historical places, important monuments and Perge in Antalya where you go to enjoy the sea, sand and sun.