Obelisk, also known as obelisk in Sultanahmet Square, brought from Egypt during the Roman period, is one of the oldest historical monuments in Istanbul. The Obelisk and the Knitted Column were added next to the Obelisk, which was erected in the middle of the hippodrome at that time.
The obelisk is actually one of the monuments that the Roman Emperor brought from other cities to decorate the city. There are inscriptions and reliefs from the Roman period on the footrest on which the monument was erected, while there are hieroglyphs in its body that talk about the greatness of the Egyptian gods and the emperor.
Similar to this monument, which belongs to the ancient Egyptian civilization, is found in cities such as Rome, Paris, London, New York as well as Istanbul. Adding a separate atmosphere to Sultanahmet Square, where many historical monuments dating from the Ottoman and Byzantine periods, Dikilitaş is a work that should be seen in the Historic Peninsula.
Information about Sultanahmet Obelisk
Obelisk, located in Sultanahmet Square, BC. In the 15th century in the Ancient Egyptian Civilization III. One of the obelisks erected by Thutmosis at the entrance to the Amon Temple in Karnak. These stones, which have four sides, are tapered towards the top and the upper part is pyramid shaped, are called obelisk.
These monuments were built in one piece, in large blocks to commemorate a person or event in honor of the sun god in the time of Ancient Egypt.
After Egypt became a Roman province, some Roman emperors wanted to decorate their capital with these majestic monuments. Roman Emperor Constantine wanted to bring one of the two obelisks at the Amon Temple in Karnak to Rome and the other to Istanbul. In the column we know today as Çemberlitaş, it was brought from Rome by Emperor Constantine and erected to the forum bearing its name.
The obelisk was brought to Istanbul and erected in the hippodrome in 390 by Emperor I Theodosius.
The hippodrome, where the Obelisk is located, witnessed horse races and amusements, which are the entertainment of the long-term people. The hippodrome, which lost its importance with the weakening of the Byzantine Empire, was looted like other parts of the city during the Latin invasion, and later it was destroyed in time and ruined. After Istanbul was conquered, javelin games were held in the area known as Horse Square in the Ottoman period. The obelisk and other works have survived to the present day, trying to be kept alive as a symbol of the city.
Sultanahmet Obelisk Features
The height of the Obelisk, which has been standing for about 1700 years in its area and is 19.5 meters long, is about 24 meters with the footrest. At the bottom of the monument, there are the obelisks from Egypt to Istanbul, the erection, the location in the hippodrome, the reliefs depicting horse races and Greek and Latin inscriptions.
The Greek inscription at the bottom of the monument writes, “Only Emperor Theodosius called Proclus for his help, and he stood up in thirty-two days, daring to remove this four-faced column lying on the ground as a burden.”
In the Latin inscription on the opposite side of this inscription, some of which are cracked, he said, “When I was once stubborn, I was ordered to obey the serene master (s). . Thus, I was defeated and tamed in thirty days, while Proclus was in control of the skies above ”.
There are reliefs on the four sides of the second stand on the footrest with the inscriptions on the family of Emperor Theodosius I and the surroundings of the palace. The solution of the hieroglyphs on the obelisk was made in 1823. In the hieroglyphs, Amon Ra, one of the Egyptian gods, is mentioned and the greatness of Emperor Thutmosis is mentioned.
In the hieroglyphs on the body of the obelisk overlooking the side of the Turkish-Islamic Arts Museum, “The monarch Tutmosis presented his dedication to God Amon and made this work for his father God Amon-Ra by confessing his weakness”, and the opposite direction, “XIII” in the hieroglyphs on the side of the Blue Mosque. From the family III. Tutmosis first presents his dedication to God Amon, with the help and patronage of the mighty and mighty Horus, the devout, owner of the Upper and Lower Egypt, the spiritual lineage of the Supreme Sun, discharged and nurtured by God Tom, and the holy Mother Goddess.”
In the hieroglyphs on the body part facing the German Fountain, “Tutmosis was determined to take the border of his country to Mesopatamia with the strength and might bestowed by Horus by offering his dedication to Amon-Ra”, while in the hieroglyphs on the side of the Knitted Column side, he said, Tutmosis, son of the mighty and magnificent Sun, the ruler of Upper and Lower Egypt, went up to Mesopotamia even though he was in front of his soldiers, wandered in the Mediterranean, made great wars.
Where is Sultanahmet Obelisk?
Obelisk is located in Sultanahmet Square in Fatih district where the Historic Peninsula is located. The location and vicinity of the building are full of many historical monuments from the Byzantine and Ottoman times.