Kaunos Ancient City, Dalyan
You will learn everything you wonder about Kaunos Ancient City in our article. Where is the Ancient City of Kaunos? How to get to the Ancient City of Kaunos? Information about the Ancient City of Kaunos. Photos of the Ancient City of Kaunos. Entrance fee to the ancient city of Kaunos. Kaunos Ancient City.
Kaunos Ancient City, located in Dalyan District of Muğla’s Ortaca district, was founded by the legendary king Kaunos. In Kaunos, which was established as a Carian city but has been exposed to many influences over time, 3 thousand years of history has been revealed with rock tombs, baths, agora, an ancient theater with a capacity of 5,000 people and a sacred temple.
The ruins you will see in the ancient city, which is on the UNESCO World Heritage Temporary List of Kaunos Ancient City, within the borders of Dalyan’s Çandır Village, belong to the Roman Period. Many ruins scattered around are visible. When you go to the castle of the ancient city, you encounter the magnificent view of all delta and Dalyan.
Kaunos Ancient City
Kaunos Ancient City, located within the borders of Çandır Village on the opposite side of Dalyan Stream, was a port city known for its salt production and trade in the region during the Lycian-Carian Period. Kaunos, son of Miletos, the founder of the city, which had an economic power in the region in the ancient period and printed money for itself.
Researches in the region reveal that the first settlement dates back to the 10th century BC. According to the father of history, Heredot, the Caunos people were from the indigenous people of Karia, but they considered themselves Cretans. After the Persians took over Anatolia, the city came under the administration of Mausolos. After Alexander defeated the Persians in 334 BC, the city came under the rule of Princess Island, then Antigonos, and then Ptolemy.
The Kingdom of Rhodes remained under the Kingdom of Pergamum and Roman rule. It started to lose its importance with the filling of the harbor. With the filling of the Kaunos Port with alluviums, the city revenues decreased and lost more and more every day from the city’s welfare.
It was established according to the wind direction of the streets and streets of the city. Kaunos, which is one of the most impressive ancient cities of Western Anatolia with its magnificent rock tombs and structures built with cut stones, spreads to a very wide area.
In addition to rock tombs, the ancient theater, bathhouse, agora, basilica, 1,300 year old mosaics and Demeter Holy Temple are among the works that visitors can see in Kaunos Ancient City. Especially its theater is quite solid.
Kaunos is not a place where there are huge marble structures like the Ephesus Ancient City. It is a very humble city, which has used its own material, its own character and culture.
The legend of Caunos
Kaunos Ancient City became a settlement during archaic, classical, Hellenistic, Roman and Byzantine periods. There are many legends about the establishment of the city, which was abandoned after the Byzantine Period. The legend of Poet Ovidius, one of the legends voiced by Roman poets and historians, is the most frequently mentioned.
According to this legend, Byblis, who is in love with Kaunos, expresses his feelings by writing a letter to Kaunos. Kaunos, on the other hand, meets Byblis’ feelings with anger and disgust. Kaunos, who does not want to see his twin again, leaves his father’s country with his lovers.
He came to Kaunos and founded the city named after him. On the other hand, Byblis wants to end his life because of his unrequited love and throws himself over a high rock. But Nympheler (nymphs) pity Byblis and turn it into a spring. The tears of Byblis become the river, the ages stop.
Ancient sources tell that Kaunos was enriched by the money he earned from the salty fish export and the ships that came and went to his safe harbor.
Kaunos Rock Tombs
There are no other examples of Kaunos Rock tombs in terms of structure. Today, it is not possible to find this stonework in ancient tombs anywhere. The rock tombs were built in the 4th century BC, and later used during the Roman period.
The facade architecture of the rock tombs carved in the southern rocks of Balıklar Mountain is different from the facade architecture of the rock tombs in the Urartu, Phrygian and Lycian regions. Rock tombs with temple facades are unique to Kaunos. Hellenic Temple is very different from the other rock tomb with its original appearance reflecting the facade architecture.
Six temple-type tombs on the right side of the rocks are carved into the rocks with the delicacy of a sculptor. The rock tombs have been mute witnesses of the past since 2,400 years.
Address: Dalyan Neighborhood, 48800 Ortaca, Muğla
Phone: +90 252 614 11 50
Visiting hours: April 15 – October 2 (summer period) 08.30-19.30, October 3 – April 14 (winter period) 08.30-17.30
Entrance fee: 12 TL, Müzekart is valid.
Where is the Ancient City of Kaunos
Jump to one of the boats waiting by the dalyan river to go to the ancient city on the borders of Çandır Village, on the shore of the Dalyan Channels, which separates Ortaca and Köyceğiz. From there, you reach the door of the ancient city in a 10-minute walk.
Dalyan is one of my favorite vacation spots. Iztuzu Beach, Radar Hill, Kargı Bay, Köyceğiz Lake, Roundçay, Sığla Forest, Kaunos Ancient City and Kaunos Rock Tombs are among the places you should see. I recommend Başar Hotel as accommodation in Dalyan.