You will learn everything you wonder about the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus in our article. Where is the Halicarnassus Mausoleum? How to get to Halicarnassus Mausoleum? Entry fee for Halicarnassus Mausoleum. Halicarnassus Mausoleum history. Halicarnassus Mausoleum photos. Mugla Halicarnassus Mausoleum.
One of the seven wonders of the world, the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus, also known as the Tomb of King Mausollos, is located in Bodrum, one of the most famous holiday districts of our country. The tomb, which contains the breezes of Greek and Egyptian culture, was named as mausoleum due to this interaction. You can read our article for detailed information about the Halicarnassus Mausoleum.
Halicarnassus Mausoleum, one of the seven wonders of the world, is located in the Bodrum district of the Mugla province of our country. This historical building is used as an open-air museum today. The mausoleum, built using Greek and Egyptian architecture and designed as a monumental tomb, is among the most visited works of foreign tourists in our country. It was built by Queen Artemisia by spending a great fortune for the Carian King Mausollos.
Mausoleum of Halicarnassus or Tomb of King Mausollos is located in Bodrum. Monument; Made for Mausollos, King of the Persian Empire. Caria Artemisia II was both the king’s wife and sister, and he ordered the construction of the mausoleum. The building was designed by Greek architects Satyros and Priene by Pythius. The height of the grave was about 45 meters and different sculptures were built on all four sides.
Four sculptors, each Greek; Sculpture reliefs created by Leochares, Bryaxis, Scopas of Paros and Timotheus surround the tomb. The finished version of Mausoleum was considered an aesthetic victory until it was described as one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Since the building was made as a mixture of both Greek and Egyptian architecture, it was named “mausoleum” and all such structures were named after this. The design of the building resembling a triangular pyramid offers a very different line.
Where is the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus?
In the 4th century BC, Halicarnassus was the capital of a small regional kingdom within the Achaemenid Empire on the west coast of Asia Minor. Today, that area is known as Bodrum and there are no important ruins of the building at the moment.
Bodrum is one of the most famous holiday districts of our country connected to Muğla. B.C. In 377, the nominal manager of the region, Milas Hekatomnus, died and left king control to his son Mausollos. Hekatomnus, a local satrap in the Persian era, captured many of the neighboring cities and districts.
Artemisia and Mausollos had several daughters and sons. Artemisia and Mausollos ruled for 24 years in the land in Halikarnas.
Although Mausollos came from outside the local community, he spoke Greek and was fascinated by Greek life and government. He built many Greek design cities along the coast and promoted Greek democratic traditions.
Architecture of Halicarnassus Mausoleum
The grave was built on a hill overlooking the city. The whole structure was established in a closed courtyard. In the center of the courtyard was a stone platform on which the grave was sitting. A staircase surrounded by stone lions reached the top of the platform, with sculptures of many gods and goddess along its outer walls. In every corner, the stone warriors standing on horses guarded the cemetery.
The marble grave in the center of the platform was rising as a square, pointed out towards a third of the 45 meters height of the cemeteries. This episode was covered with reliefs showing action scenes. A race of warrior women (the Amazons) and the Centaur War with the Greeks were also pictured.
There are different information about the dimensions of the monument. Common information; the base dimensions are 32X38 meters, the long side is 242.5 meters and the short side is 105 meters. Ancient sources state that the architect of the building was Pytheos.
Above the tomb section of the mausoleum there were 36 thin columns, with 10 columns per corner. There was a statue standing between each pair of columns. Behind the pillars was a solid block bearing the weight of the large roof of the tomb. The roof forming the last third of the height was in the shape of a pyramid. Above was a crowned quadriga (this quadriga had 4 horses that pulled a cart that Mausollos and Artemisia got on).
King Mausollos began planning the tomb as part of his construction work in Halikarnas before his death, and his wife Artemisia continued the project when he died. Artemisia did not avoid any expenses in the construction of the tomb. He sent his men around the world to find the most talented artists of that time. Among the abilities found was Scopas, who supervised the reconstruction of the Temple of Artemis in Ephesus. Famous sculptors; Besides Leochares, Bryaxis, Scopas and Timotheus, hundreds of workers took part in the construction of the tomb.
The History of Halicarnassus Mausoleum
Artemisia and King Mausollos spent a lot of tax to decorate the city. They have built sculptures, temples and shimmering marble buildings. B.C. Mausollos died in 353, Artemisia was left alone. As the Persian Satrap and Hekatomnis Dynasty, Mausollos had planned a detailed tomb for him. When he died, the projects were continued by his brothers. The tomb became so famous that the name of Mausollos is now the expression of the graveyard with the word cemetery.
Artemisia lived only two years after the death of her husband. Jars with ashes were placed in the tomb, which has not been completed yet. As a form of sacrifice ritual, the corpses of many deceased animals were placed on the stairs leading to the grave and filling and rubble were filled on the steps of the stairs, making the entrance watertight. The sculptors continued to make the tomb after the couple’s death and added different sculptures to their surroundings.
The Melbourne Monument was inspired by the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus. Mausoleum was destroyed by consecutive earthquakes in the 12th and 15th centuries. The monumental cemetery currently serves as an open-air museum. When entering the mausoleum, it is possible to see a Bodrum-style house and various descriptions of the king. In addition, there are ancient manuscripts and engravings of that period.