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One of the gates of the old city of Antalya within the walls is the “Three Doors”, commonly known as Hadrianus Gate.
In a sense, one of the best preserved historical buildings in Antalya is Three Doors. This building, which is a Roman work, was built in the name of Roman Emperor Hadrian in 130 AD. Over time, the city walls closed the outside of the door and the door was not used for many years.
Probably the wall that surrounded the city passed past the Three Gates, and today what we call Kaleiçi has also guided a passage outside the castle without the size of “three” arches in its present size even if it does not come out on one end of the old city.
Perhaps this is one reason why the work can come without collapsing to the present day. The door was unearthed with the demolition of the city walls. It is considered as the most beautiful door of Pamfilya. There are three openings in the form of domes, the upper parts of which are. It is made entirely of white marble except its columns. It carries all the features of the period of carving and relief decorations. There is information that the original of the door has two floors. But we do not have enough information about the upper floor.
There are two towers on both sides of the door that are known not to be built at the same time as the door. It is known as the Julia Sancta tower in the South and is a Hadrian era work. It is made of stone blocks without ornaments. The lower parts of the north belong to the ancient times, and the upper part dates from the Seljuks.
YOU WILL GO THROUGH A DOOR…
Three Doors As if it is a crossing point that separates the Inner Castle region and the “Outside Castle” region. On the one hand, the historical city is on the other hand, the transition point of an organization that has not been able to fit in the castle anymore and has become an urban mechanic again.
Three Doors opening to Karakaş Mosque and junction, connects the old city to today’s Atatürk Street axis. In the past, Karakaş Mosque was not as it is today (it is a mosque that has been restored and replaced in the last ten years …) and it was a masonry, tile-roofed mosque. It was directly opposite Karakaş Café adjacent to the Three Doors South tower. The closed structure of this coffee was small and adhered to the body of the castle. The unbroken parts of the historical sur not seen ‘historical fortifications associated with the South Tower can be viewed here as examples. This gap, which is a small green area-park today, was used as the open tea garden of Karakaş coffee from the 1960s until the end of the eighties, and this gap was used as an urban meeting place of the youth of those days (mostly men).
Stand in front of the door and make a few seconds evaluation. On the one hand, Ataturk Street, which is divided into two by the double rows of modern Antalya. Behind the door is the old Antalya, and the most beautiful door of Pamfilya between the past and the present is right at this border. On both sides of this gate are towers of two different ages and civilizations. The fusion of ages and civilizations in harmony. This is an interesting feature that can be seen in many places of Antalya, which is intertwined with its historical buildings.
The three-eyed door has a Latin inscription. From the marble columns decorated in the Corinthian style, the sculptures of the emperor and his family on the door, only inscriptions could survive.
Last known, the historical door was reconsidered in the 1960s. Instead of the pyramidal columns extending to the cornices on the edge of the three front doors visible before 1960, marble Corinthian columns and Corinthian capitals were placed.
The work, which has been called “marble” door since history, has been cleaned from the damages that occurred during this restoration, the missing parts have been rebuilt like the original and they have been carefully replaced. In the chain of the restoration of the ancient theater of Aspendos, for example, in Ataturk and its surroundings, the work of “three doors” that added great value to the historical identity of the city was also removed and made very close to its present appearance.
In fact, under the middle arch of the door is used for the passage, first the stairs are followed and again the stairs are climbed by pressing the historical stone floor. It is not known exactly whether this ladder was available in the 130s, when it was descended and ascended. Because the Hadrian’s gate gives a somewhat buried feeling despite all its glory today. Undoubtedly, the height of the arches can be better understood if such a work is entered and exited from the ground level.