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CITIESHISTORICALTRABZON

Çal Cave-Trabzon

Where is Cal Cave? How to go to Cal Cave? What is the history of Cal Cave? What are the entrance fees for the Çal Cave? You can find the answer to all these questions in this article and discover the Cal Cave with us. Pleasant readings..

A small stream that is active throughout the year flows through the cave, which is also considered as one of the longest caves in the world. There is a rock block overlooking the cave and the valley on the cave and a historical castle on Doğankaya. Çal Cave is located in Çal village, located at an altitude of 1050 meters from the sea, 5 kilometers southwest of Düzköy District of Trabzon Province. Although the entrance of the cave, which is located on the outlet of the underground water channel, is wide, this width changes region by region. Çal Cave The cave is divided into two branches 200 meters after the entrance. Left arm is about 150 meters long. In the room at the end of this arm, there is a chimney through which the water coming from dolini (pit-collapse) flows.

The accessible part of the right arm is about 400 meters. A small lake and a waterfall are located at approximately 60 m of this branch. Çal Cave was formed due to fracture (fault) systems in limestone blocks. Çalköy Cave, which can be visited for the first kilometer, has a length of 4 kilometers. 30-50 thousand tourists visit the cave, which was opened to tourism in 2003 / Mehmet Turan ÖZDEMİR and has a stream inside the cave, waterfall, lake, water chimneys, stalactites, stalagmites and travertines. Çal Cave, which has mixed spruce forests around, Doğankayası, Camili Nature Park and Daily recreation facilities, attracts the attention of tourists every season with its stunning natural shapes consisting of stalactites and stalagmites, its stream reaching a depth of 1.5 meters from time to time.

Cave’s Water Presence

The water carried by the underground river in the cave changes seasonally. While the depth of the water inside the cave increases up to 50 centimeters in rainy seasons, this level decreases to 25-30 centimeters in the summer months.

Air of the Cave

Inside the cave there is a comfortable air movement due to the contact with dolines to the outside atmosphere. The humidity of the cave atmosphere, which is dry at the entrance, increases somewhat in the interior.

Today’s Status of the Cave

Çal Cave was opened to tourism in 2000 by various arrangements by the Trabzon Provincial Special Administration. It was made open to the public in 2003.

Geology Of The Cave And Its Surroundings

The oldest unit of the study area is the Cretaceous mourning Düzköy formation consisting of basaltic, andesitic, dacitic lava and pyroclasts alternating with sedimentary units. The Şahinkaya member of the Upper Cretaceous-Paleocene Tonya formation consisting of massive limestones overlies this unit harmoniously. The youngest unit of the study area is the Eocene age foldere formation consisting of andesite, basalt and pyroclasts alternating with sedimentary units. This unit incompatibly assumes the following units

Formation of the Cave

It was developed due to the crack (fault-fault) systems within the Çal Cave limestones. The main fault causing the cave formation is in NE-SW direction. Secondary faults cutting this lie in the NW-SE direction. The cave reached its present form in two stages. In the first stage, the water leaking from the surface has to be soil, and as a result of gaining acidic character by adding CO2 to the structure, they dissolved limestone and widened the fractures and created an underground water channel. In the second stage, due to the regional elevation, the water flow that provides the cave development has decreased and the development of the cave has stopped. In this period, the waters leaking from the water channels, which were initially connected with the sinkholes at higher elevations, started to form stalactites and stalagmites.

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