You will learn everything you have about the Bridge Canyon in our article. Where is the Bridge Canyon? bridge canyon how to get there. Information about Bridge Canyon. bridge Canyon. When is Bridge Canyon? bridges canyon entrance fee.
Bridge Canyon National Park is one of the National Parks located in the Antalya Section of the Mediterranean Geographic Region and is located within the borders of the province of Antalya. Bridge Canyon National Park is 85 km from southwest Antalya and 63 km from Manavgat district in the southeast. Away. Following the road leaving north from the 49th kilometer of the Antalya-Manavgat highway, first to Beşkonak Bucağı, about 5 km from here. From the north, the Bridge Canyon National Park, which is integrated with geography and history, is reached.
Why “Bridge Canyon”
The presence of deep cantled valleys and typical canyons by the rivers and the presence of historical bridges established to provide transportation over these canyons caused this National Park to be called the “Bridge Canyon National Park”. Besides its natural beauties, its richness in archaeological terms has increased its importance. Within its borders, there are bridges from the Roman period, many ruins and the historical city of Selge.
The fact that the Bridge Canyon National Park is located on the southern slopes of the mountains behind the coast caused this place to differ in terms of precipitation and temperature compared to the sea coast. The reason for this. We can explain that the humid air masses coming over the Mediterranean hit the slopes of the mountains behind the shore and cause orographic precipitation. It is seen that the highest precipitation falls in January and the lowest in July, whereas the average monthly temperature reaches the lowest in January and the highest in July.
The fact that precipitation and temperature conditions were so favorable led to the development of a rich vegetation. In this rich vegetation, Cupressus semperviren (Mediterranean cypress), Pinus brutia (Red pine), Pinus nigra (Black pine), Quercus cessiliflora (Sapless oak) are the most noteworthy.
Bridge Canyon National Park was the scene of a widespread settlement in Antiquity. The historical city of Selge, various ruins, aqueducts and bridges are proof of this. Thus, this crowded population in Antiquity used forests a lot. In order to obtain timber and firewood for today’s people, natural vegetation has been destroyed when animal feeds are added in the forest with the effort to open an agricultural area by destroying the forest. Thus, the natural balance has started to deteriorate gradually, and the result of all this negatively affects the old settlements (ruins) in the region and facilitates deformations.
The fact that natural beauties are remarkable in Bridge Canyon National Park is also related to the geological structure of this place. Common formations are marine sediments and conglomerates. The limestones, which have a wide spreading area, belong to Mesozoic and Middle Miocene. The effect of Alp Orogeny Ue has been formed folds and faults in this area. In addition to being limestone, the suitability of the structure in climatic conditions caused the development of karst topography. There are many small and large karstic springs, caves, lapias (especially around Zerk village) within the Bridge Canyon National Park.
Although it is close to the sea, it is observed that the height increases suddenly in Bridge Canyon. Indeed, Bozburun Mountain is 2505 m. has a height. 300-1000 m. The heights between it cover large areas here. The mountaineering slopes have also affected the multitude of natural scenery.
The most important geomorphological unit in the region is canyons. Bridge stream flowing in a wide valley near Bolasan village is 14 km below the village. length and in some places 400 m. enters a canyon with high walls. This canyon, which is effective in its formation in tectonics, was opened in conglomerate and older limestone formations. The river greenish blue, which has been reconstructed with many karstic springs, continues to flow in a wide valley after the Bridge stream canyon. In addition to the Bridge Çayı Canyon, which is the largest canyon in the region, there are canyons with smaller dimensions. Among the limestones, caves with small mouths can be seen. Archaeological finds are found in these caves where no speleological and archaeological research has been carried out yet.
The fact that natural conditions are so convenient for human life in Bridge Canyon National Park has given it unique human characteristics. Although the archaeological studies have not been completed yet, it can be seen that the settlement phenomenon has been going on since the ancient times.
Limestone, which can be easily obtained from the environment, was used as a building material in ancient works. The largest settlement in the past within the borders of Bridge Canyon National Park is Sclge. To the west of the Selge Bridge River and approximately 1000 m from the sea. In height. The most obvious work that can remain intact in Selge is an amphitheater, which can be considered large. Other ruins form ruined walls, the city’s agora, water wells and columns. Historical sources mention the richness and civil administration of the ancient city of Selge. There are very few structures in the city that can survive until today, and we can link this to earthquakes. Right next to it is the village of Zerk, it is possible to see the ancient stones used in the construction of Selge on the walls of the houses in the village. In order to protect the ancient city of Selge, the village of Zerk, which was established in the ruins of Selge, must be removed by finding a new place.
Bridge Canyon National Park has a very inclined land and it is difficult to reach here. Bridges were built to cross steep and deep canyons. The most important of these bridges are two bridges belonging to the Roman period. Of these bridges that have remained intact until today, Oluk Bridge is used today, but it should be taken under protection by building a new and wider bridge. Another historical bridge is the Bükrüm Bridge. Another bridge that can be used has been built instead of this bridge and the Bükrüm Bridge has been taken under protection. The most important road from the ancient times to the present is the highway between Oluk Bridge and Selge. This road, whose width reaches up to 2 meters in places, has been partially destroyed. This road, which was built for the contact of the city of Selge, which is at the bottom, with the settlements below, extends almost flat even though the slope of the land is inclined.