Assos Ancient City
You will learn everything you wonder about Assos Ancient City in our article. Where is Assos Ancient City? Information about the ancient city of Assos. How to Go Assos Ancient City? Assos Ancient City photos. Assos Ancient City entrance fee. Those who are curious about the ancient city of Assos. Canakkale Assos Ancient City.
The history of the ancient city of Assos BC. It goes back to the 6th century. At the time, the city turned to the sea and descended on the sea with terraces.
The city was established on an extinct volcanic hill, between andesite rocks, at a height of 236 meters from the sea. The andesite stone, which is abundant around Assos, was used in the construction of the city. Assos stone is hard to work but very durable stone. The ancients called it a man-eating stone for him. The sarcophagi made of this stone were a product exported from Assos at the time.
The first archaeological excavation in Assos was made by an American archaeological group between 1881 and 1883. In the excavations that started again in 1981, the necrapol, the cemetery, was first discovered.
In the north corner of the acropolis, there is a single domed mosque built by the Ottoman Sultan Murat I in the 14th century. The bridge from the Ottoman period on the borders of Behramkale village is completely standing and still in use.
The surrounding of the city is surrounded by walls of 3200 meters in length and 20 meters in height, which can be seen today. The area in front of the east and west gates was used as necrapol (cemetery). In addition to simple tombs, magnificent monumental tombs were also found in Nekrapol.
It was determined that the necrapol was used as a cemetery for 9 centuries. It was seen that the ashes of the corpses burned in the old burials were buried as cubes and their mouths closed. The dead are then placed in larger cubes in the position on their mother’s belly. There were also gifts for the dead in the cubes. Later, tombs in the form of sarcophagi were used. The sarcophagi are easily unearthed because they are close to the surface and many are robbed by treasure hunters. The most interesting of the gifts for the dead, captured in the sarcophagi, is a female orchestra figurine made of terracotta!
Temple of Athena
The Temple of Athena is located at the highest point of the ancient city. The temple, which was built in the Archaic Age in Anatolia in the first and only Doric style, still maintains its fascinating atmosphere. Athena, the daughter of Zeus and one of the 12 Olympian Gods, was the guardian goddess of the city. New columns pouring with sample patterns from solid columns are standing. The island of Lesbos, the magnificent Aegean sea, the wind caressing your face is impressive enough to take you to ancient times, especially at sunset. The goddess statue in the sanctuary of the temple was taken by the Americans in the 1800s.
Some of the friezes (reliefs) on the columns are hidden in the Boston Museum, Louvre Museum and Istanbul Archeology Museum. A story about Heracles is told in the reliefs.
It was found that the theater, which was built against Lesbos Island on the southern slope of the ancient city, was destroyed as a result of an earthquake. The theater, which is made of a natural rock hollow and has an estimated 2500 people, was used as a quarry in the following years. It is a Roman theater in terms of construction technique and plan features.
The destroyed walls of the theater were rebuilt as a result of restoration. The original seating rows were made by pouring again. Currently, the theater can accommodate 1500 people and can host various festivals and concerts. On the way down to the pier, on the left, you will notice the entrance door of the theater.
Agora is the most vibrant place in the city where people come together. The Assos agora was surrounded by two opposite stoas built at different times. Stoas were covered walking and sitting areas that protected people from the sun and rain. In addition, there are ruins of gymnasion, bouleuterion (parliament building) and Byzantine Church built for sports education around Agora.
Efes Pilsen has been the sponsor of the ancient city of Assos since 1995. Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University Head of Archeology Department Assoc. Under the chairmanship of Dr. Nurettin Arslan, all artifacts unearthed during the excavations carried out by the excavation team of forty people and preserving the testimony of daily life are exhibited in the Çanakkale Archeology Museum.
There are two entrance gates to visit the Ancient City. One is the gate that you will reach by passing through the village, which takes you to the top temple of Athena. The other is the old west gate, which you will notice on the left as you descend to the harbor. You can see the ruins of cemetery, gymnasion and agora by entering here. The closing time is 19.30 but they don’t close until you leave, so you can leave after watching the sunset.
April 1 – October 31
Opening Time: 08:30
Closing Time: 19:00
October 31 – April 1
Opening Time: 08:30
Closing Time: 17:30
Entrance Fee: 18 TL