Where is Arykanda Ancient City-Antalya? How to go to Arykanda Ancient City-Antalya? What is the history of Arykanda Ancient City-Antalya? What are the entrance fees for the Arykanda Ancient City-Antalya? You can find the answer to all these questions in this article and discover the Arykanda Ancient City-Antalya with us. Pleasant readings..
The Ancient City of Arykanda is an amazing ancient city within the borders of Arif Village of Finike district of Antalya. Before entering the ancient city, you can eat pancakes, eat corn and drink tea in the peasant market at the entrance of the Ancient City turnoff. City entrance is free, parking is also available for you to park your car.
It is believed that the history of the Ancient City of Arykanda dates back to very old times (5th century BC). The city, which takes its name from the Lycian language, means Ary-ka-wanda, meaning “The Place Next to the High Cliff”. The coins captured from the Kuprili and Aquwami period show that the city had an ancient history until the Persian Sovereignty in Anatolia.
The city was probably under the sovereignty of Limyra due to the coins of Pericles, King of Limyra in the city. However, the city is; Ptolemy, Seleukos, under the control of Rhodes. Later, the city was included in the Lycian union and this was the period when it started to print its own money. The last traces on the city belong to the Byzantine Empire.
In 43 AD, Roman Emperor Claudius Caesar Augustus became a city under the state of Arykanda Pamphylia with the distribution of the Lycian unit of Germanicus and the state system implemented by Rome.
As I mentioned at the beginning of the article, Arif village is one of the rare ruins that fascinate you with its structure and architecture that rests its back (Beydağı) on its slopes. We can say that you will be astonished when you see Stadion, which is built in a very high place where you will be amazed and fascinated by its architecture, when you travel towards the top of the mountain during the trip. Stadion will be a bit assertive in terms of its positioned structure, but it is the rare or even unique structure you can see in the world. Let us state that we have put the highest places among the ruins we visited as a team. Arykanda Stadion. For those who will spend their summer vacation in Antalya, we strongly recommend that they add this ruin place to their routes and testify on the spot.
There are many types of monumental tombs in the Arykanda Necropolis. Among them, those with a temple form; One, two and three kline vaulted grave buildings and independent sarcophagi give rough information about the grave types in the Necropolis area. The majority of M.S. It belongs to the 2nd century. In addition, according to Pindaros, there is a sanctuary in the city where Helios-Sozon has not been found yet.
The shop structure, which has no entrance from its floor, is considered as the State Agora. A.D. Dating back to the 4th century, the Agora is likely to be a Tykhe Temple in the middle, based on its existing foundation traces.
Odeion (Assembly Building) shows that the building was thought to have been built during the Hadrian period, but it has a rich architectural decoration due to the tapes and headers in front of the building. It shows that it has rich stone coverings with its front facing the State Agora.
The Greek planned theater has 20 rows of seats. BC by the same architects or craftsmen. 1 – M.S. It is thought that it was built together with Stadion in 1. According to the decorations in the stage building, M.S. 2 – M.S. It was repaired in 3 years. A.D. It was not used after 6th century.
Half-length (117 meters) compared to a normal Stadion. It has one-sided tribunalis. The shape of the two trapezes inverted together in the middle forms the running track. A.D. In the 2nd century, the staircase that joined the Stadion and the piers supporting the running track were added.
The Trade Agora is the largest of the Arykanda Acropolis, and its terrace wall is the structure that best reflects the architecture of the Hellenistic period. The ground of Agora, which has shops lined up along the north edge, is covered with smooth rectangular stones. There is a wooden stoa building in the long area in front of the shops, which is reached by 2 steps from the ground.
The slope houses section, which is thought to be the first settlement area of the city, is still worth seeing.
The Hammams area, which is located just below the necropolis area, consists of 3 sections as usual, cold, warm and warm sections.
This building, which is called Yazıtlı Ev (Small Bath), has taken this name because of its numerous inscriptions on its walls as a reused building material. It is the smallest bath of Arykanda Ancient City. The bathhouse where Frigidarium and Apodyterium are together can be washed by a single person in a shower, M.S. It was built in the second half of the 3rd century.
The building, called Naltepesi, was allocated to a middle-sized bath and another to the Iron Workshop after the hill collapsed, where the monumental grave of Hermaios, which was formerly Lykiarkh, was destroyed due to a fire.
Arykanda Visiting Hours Summer Period: 08: 30- 19:30 (15 April-2 October)
Arykanda Visiting Hours Winter Period: 08: 30-17: 30 (3 October-14 April)
Arykanda Holidays: The first day of religious holidays until noon.
Arykanda Entrance Fee: Free